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mUl;ngUQ;Nrhjp mUl;ngUQ;Nrhjp

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md;GilaPh; tzf;fk;
mUk;gad; Mak; mwptpdhh; nrhy;yhh;
ngUk;gad; ,y;yhj nrhy;
Nkw;$wpa jpUf;Fwspd; tpsf;fk; ahnjdpy; mjw;Fhpa gad;fis Muha ty;y mwpTilahh; kf;fSf;F kpFe;j gadpy;yhj nrhw;fisr; nrhy;ykhl;lhh;fs;.

mfj;Nj fUj;J Gwj;nj ntSj;J ,Ue;j cyfh; midtiuAk; [fj;nj jpUj;jp ,fj;Nj guj;ij ngw;wpl vid ,e;j Afj;Nj ,iwtdhy; tUtpf;fTw;Nwd; mUisg; ngw;NwNd vd;W ts;sy; ngUkhd; jdJ mUl;ghtpy; Fwpg;gpl;lJ Nghy; ts;syhh; mbgapd;W vd;id gz;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L cyfh; midtUf;Fk; ts;syhhpd; fUj;Jf;fs; Ngha; Nru ntz;Lk; vd;fpw Nehf;NfhL ts;syhh; gg;spf; Nrhpl;lgps; l;u];l; vd;fpw xU mikg;ig Vw;gLj;jp gy Vio vspath;fSf;F md;djhdk; ,ytr jpUkzk; ,ytr fy;tp cjtp, ,ytr kUj;Jt cjtp Nghd;w cjtpfis nra;J tUfpd;w jUzj;jpy;;

ePq;fs; ey;y xOf;fj;jpw;F tUtJld; kw;wth;fisAk; vt;tpj je;jpuj;jpyhtJ ey;nyhOf;fj;jpw;F tur;nra;J nfhz;L ,Uq;fs; vd;W ts;sy; ngUkhd; czh;j;jpAs;shh;fs;. MfNt, ,t;topapy; fle;j 25 Mz;Lfshf fLk; tpujk; kw;Wk; jtj;ij Nkw;nfhz;L tUk; jUzj;jpy;

xUtd; ,f tprhuk; my;yhJ (cyfpay; rpe;jid mw;W mUspay; rpe;jidAld;) gutprhuj;Jld; %d;W kzp Neuk; kl;LNk ,Uf;fg; goFthd;. Mdhy; mtDf;F clypy; Rj;j c~;zk; Njhd;Wk,; Rj;j c~;zj;jpdhy; jhd; new;wpf;fz;iz jpwe;Jf;nfhs;s KbAk;. NkYk; ,j;jifa new;wpf;fz;iz FU xUthpd; JizAld;jhd; jpwe;Jf;nfhs;s KbAk;.

,t;thW FUehjh; cjtpAld; new;wpf;fz;iz jpwe;J nfhs;Nthkhdhy; vy;yh mDgtq;fSk; gl;lgfy; Nghy; ntl;l ntspr;rkhf njhpatUk;. ,J kdpj tho;f;ifapy; kpf kfj;jhd mDgtj;ij juty;yJ. ,jd; %yk; cyfpy; cs;s vy;yh mDgtq;fSk; vy;yh Qhdfq;fSk; gl;lg;gfy; Nghy; ntl;lntspr;rkhfj; njhpa tUk;. mjd;gpwNf mUs; mDgtk; $Lk;. vd;W ts;sy; ngUkhd; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shh;fs;.

MfNt mbNad; vdf;F xU ey;y FUit fhl;bf; nfhLf;Fk;gb ts;sy; ngUkhdplk; fpl;lj;jl;l 5 Mz;LfSf;F Nky; ,iltplhJ Ntz;bf;nfhz;ljd; gadhf vdf;F fpilj;jw;F mhpa 18 rpj;jh;fspy; xUtUk; uh[uh[ Nrhodpd; ,uh[FUTk; kw;Wk; rpjk;gu eluh[H rpiyia Kjd; Kjypy; tbj;Jf; nfhLj;jtUk; jQ;ir nghpa Nfhapy; %y];jhd rptypq;fj;ij gpujp~;il nra;jtUk; gy mhpa mw;Gjq;fis epfo;j;jpf; fhl;batUk; vd; gpwtp NjhWk; vd;id top elj;jpf;nfhz;L tUk; jQ;ir nghpa Nfhapy; gpd;Gwj;jpy; cs;s fUT+uhh; rd;djpapy; mike;J cs;s mtuJ jpUTUt rpiyapy; vg;NghJk; mkh;e;J cyif fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;Lk; cyif ghJfhj;Jf;nfhz;Lk; jd;id md;gpdhy; epidg;gth;fSf;Fk;, njhOgth;fSf;Fk; gytpjq;fspy; Mrptoq;fp ed;ikfis nra;Jnfhz;L ts;syhUf;F kpfTk; neUq;fpa ez;gdhfTk; gf;jdhfTk; kw;wth;fSf;F fw;rpiyahfTk; vd; fz;fSf;F cz;ikahfTk; mkh;e;Js;s fUT+uhh; xU ehs; 2008y; vd; fdtpy; Njhd;wp ey;yhrp toq;fp mUs;Jizahf ,Ue;J tUfpwhh;. vdNt ahd; ngw;w ,g; ngUk; Ngw;iw ,t;itafKk; ngw Ntz;b mbNad; mtuJ tho;;f;if tuyhW kw;Wk; mtuJ GfioAk; ,q;Nf cz;ik md;gh;fSf;Fk; ez;gh;fSf;Fk; mbahh;fSf;Fk; ,e;j cyfj;jpw;Fk; njhptpf;f ,tw;iw njhFj;J tofpq;FfpNwd;.

tpl;lFiwAk; tpjpAk; ekf;F cz;lhdhy;
vl;Lk; ,uz;Lk; te;jpq;nja;jhNjh – Kl;l
tpjpAs;Nshuhkhfpy; tpe;J trkhk;
kjpAs;shh;f;;F cz;Nl kdk;.-fUT+uhh;

,Wfg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;Nld; gjj;ij
,dp ehd; tpLNtdh – ve;jha; ghjk;
gpbj;j ifahy; NtW njhLNtdh
FWfg;gae;J $w;Wk; Xb Fiye;J
Nghapw;nw NfhNt ce;jd; mUl;rpw;
N[hjp vd;djhapw;Nw - ts;syhh;

fdtpy; fUT+uhh; ghj kyh;fis nfl;bahfg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;

Qhdpfs; gpwg;gjpy;iy mth;fs; mtjhpf;fpd;whhfs; Mk; Kw;gpwtpapy; mth;fs; nra;j ,iwj;njhz;bdhy; gpd;tUk; gpwtpapy; ,iwtdpd; mtjhukhfNt tho;fpwhh;fs;. ,e;j epiy Nfhbapy; xUtUf;Nf fpilf;Fk;. mt;tifapy; tp];tgpuk;kh (fd;dhuh;) Fyj;ijr; rhh;e;j Njtjj;jd; vd;gthpd; kfdhd kad; vd;gthpd; kidtpf;F 42 tJ jiyKiwapy; rpj;jpiu khjk; m];j el;rj;jpuk; 2Mk; ghjj;jpy; fUTuhh; mtjhpj;jhh; rpj;jh; =kj; fUT+uhh;. ,thpd; je;ij jdJ Fyj;njhopyhd cNyhfr; rpw;gk; tbf;Fk; njhopy; nra;J te;jhh;.

xU Foe;ij tsUk; #o;epiyf;Nfw;gTk; me;jf; Foe;ijia tsh;f;Fk; ngw;Nwhh; kw;Wk; fy;tp fw;gpf;Fk; Mrhdpd; Fzeyd;fSf;F Vw;wthW me;jf; Foe;ijapd; tho;Tk; kNdh epiyAk; mikAk; vd;gJ cstpay; fUj;jhFk;.

ghyfdhd =kj; fUT+uhUf;F gy rpj;jh;fsplKk; Kdpth;fsplKk; goFk; ghf;fpak; fpilj;jpUe;jJ. mjw;F tha;g;ghf mike;jJ mthpd; je;ij QhdpfSf;Fr; nra;J te;j njhz;NlahFk;.

tpisAk; gaph; KisapNy njhpAk; vd;w thf;fpaj;jpw;Nfw;g rpWtdhd =kj; fUT+uhhpd; flTs; gf;jpAk;, QhdpfSf;F mth; nra;J te;j gzptpilfisAk; fz;L kdk; Fsph;e;J nkr;rpa kfhd;fs; jhq;fs; mwpe;J filgpbf;Fk; xOf;fk; md;G. gzpT. gf;jp. Nghd;w ey;y gz;GfisAk; ,yf;fpak; kUj;Jtk; rpw;g rh];jpuk; fl;blf;fiy thd rh];jpuk; khe;jPufk; Nghd;w kzpke;j;u Xs~jk; vd;w tpNr~f; fy;tpAk; Nahfk; fhafw;gk; urthjk; Nghd;w Qhdf; fy;tpiaAk; =kj; fUT+uhUf;F Nghjpj;jdh;.

xU rhjhuz ghiw jpwikahd rpw;gpapdhy; nrJf;fg;gLk;NghJ mofpa rpw;gkhf tbntLf;fpwNjh mt;thNw Qhdf; fly;fshd kfhd;fsplk; cgNjrk; ngw;w =kj; fUT+uhUf;F ,e;j rhjhuz khdpl tho;T kpfTk; mw;gkhdJ vd;W Njhd;wpaJ fhuzk;, xU ruhrhp kdpjd; jhd; vjw;F gpwe;Njhk;, vjw;F tho;fpNwhk; vd;W njhpahJ Ra epidtpd;wp rpw;wd;gj;jpw;fhf %thirapy;

(kz; nghd; ngz;) mfg;gl;L jhd; mDjpdKk; tho;e;J nfhz;bUg;gjhf epidf;fpwhd;. Mdhy; mJ cz;ikay;y. (,Jjhd; khia vd;gJ) ehk; gpwe;jJ Kjy; xt;nthU nehbAk; xt;nthUk; ehSk; ,we;Jf;nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpNwhk; ekJ caph; Kw;wpYk; jPh;e;Jtplg;NghfpwJ. ,JNt rj;Jtpl;Lg; NghfpwJ my;yJ nrj;Jg;NghfpwJ vd;w ,wg;ghFk;. ,ij czh;;e;j =kj; fUT+uhh; jhk; ,wthky; ,iwtdplk; fye;J Nghpd;gj;jpy; epiyj;jpUf;fTk; G+uz Nguwpit mila Ntz;Lnkd;W Qhd Ntl;ifapdhYk; fLe;jtj;jpy; ,Uf;fj; Jtq;fpdhh;.

gpuk;k Njth; jdJ ght epth;j;jpf;fhf rpt ngUkhid topgl;L mUis ngw;wgpd; fiykfSld; jpUthepiy (jpUr;rpf;F 40 fpNyh kPl;lh; njhiytpy; cs;sJ f&h; gRgjP];tuh; Myak;) mile;J
,e;j tQ;rp khefhpy; Kjd; Kjyhf jdJ gilg;Gj; njhopiy Jtq;fp fUTw;gj;jp nra;jikapd; ,t;T+h; fUT+h; vd;w fhuzg; ngah; ngw;wJ. ,f;fUT+hpy; fUf;fis cz;lhf;fpa ,lj;jpw;F fUf;Fop vd;w ngaUKz;L. jw;NghJ f&h; ,ul;il tha;f;fhYf;F Nkw;Guk; jpyf; yhl;[; ,Uf;Fk; ,lNk fUf;FopahFk;. (mt;tplj;jpw;F mUfpy; fhpakhsP];tuh; Myak; Kd;G ,Ue;Js;sJ) NkYk; cyfpy; cs;s Gdpj jyq;fs; vy;yhk; cz;lhf fhuzkha; ,Ue;jJ fUT+h; gRgjP];tuh; vd;gjhYk; tQ;rp efiu MjpGhp vdTk;, gilg;Gj; njhopy; nra;a fhuzkha; mike;jjhy; fh;g;gg;Ghp RuGuk; fUT+h; vd;W ngah; te;jJ. ,jpy; fUT+Nu tof;fj;jpy; gad; gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

rw;FU rpj;jh; =kj; fUT+uhUf;F fUT+uhh; vd;w ngaiu itj;jJ ahh;? ,jw;F gjpyhf =kj; fUT+uhNu jdJ thj fw;gk; vd;w E}ypy; 50 tJ ghlypy; $WtJ

ghhpNy tsh;j;j Nghfh; ghjNk njhOjjw;F
NehpNy ngahpl;nld;id epiyf;F&T+uhnud;whh;.

=kj; f&T+uhhpd; Kjy; FUthd rw;FU rpj;jh; =kj; Nghfh; f&T+uhd; vd;W ngah; #l;bajhf =kj; f&T+uhh; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;. mJTk; epiyf;f&T+uhd; vd;w nrhy;iy mopahj Njfk; ngw;W vd;Wk; epiyj;J ,Ug;gth; vd;gjhFk;. kPz;Lk; xU jha; tapw;wpy; fUthf cz;lhfhjth; vd;w fhuzj;jpdhy; f&T+uhh; vd;W miof;fg;gl;lhh;. KUfg;ngUkhdpd; rPluhd =kj; mf];jpahplk; =kj; f&T+uhh; cgNjrk; ngw;wgpd; =kj; f&T+uhhpd; kfpikia czh;e;j =kj; mf];jpa Kdpth; f&T+uhUf;F Njthp~p vd;fpw cahe;j gl;lj;ijAk; toq;fp kfpo;tpj;Js;shh;fs;. ,jw;F Mjhukhf mf];jpah; 12000, 4tJ fhz;lk;, 469tJ ghlypy;

Mr;rg;gh f&T+uhh; khh;f;fnky;yhk;
mg;gNd apg;gbNa nrg;gyhFk;
khr;ryJ Neuhj kfpik rpj;J
kfj;jhd Njthp~p nad;dyhFk

,jd; %yk; =kj; f&T+uhh; rpj;jh;fs; midtUk; Nghw;Wk; jdpr;rpwg;Gld; tho;e;J nfhz;Ls;shh;.

=kj; f&T+uhUf;F gy rpj;j FUkhh;fs; QhNdhgNjrk; nra;Js;shh;fs;. mth;fis gw;wpa tptuj;ij FUth;f;fk; vd;wgy mikg;gpy; tpsf;fp mjw;fhd Mjhuq;fs; fhfG[z;lh; ngUE}y; fhtpak; 1000j;jpy; ghly; 153, 154, 155y; fhzyhk;. ee;jp Njtiu %y FUthf nfhz;l =kj; jpU%yhpd; tk;rj;ij %yh; FU tk;rk; vd;W $wp mij tphpTg;gLj;jp cs;shh;fs;.

rpj;jh;fs; jq;fspd; ,isath;fshf cs;s rPlh;fSf;Fk; jhq;fs; mwpe;j midj;J fiyfisAk; Nghjpj;J jd; epiyf;F mth;fisAk; cah;j;jp jq;fsJ E}y;fspy; midth;fisAk; Gfo;e;J ghLthh;fs;. mt;tifapy; rw;FU =kj; f&T+uhiu Gfo;e;J mtuJ FUkhh;fspd; ghly;fis ,q;F rhl;rpahf $WfpNwd;.

=kj; Nghfh; ngUkhd; f&T+uhiu Gfo;e;jJ:

=kj; f&T+uhhpd; Kjy; FUthd =kj; Nghfehjh;, f&T+uhh; rpw;g rh];jpuj;jpy; rpwe;jth; vd;Wk; mtUf;F Njt Nyhfj;J Njt jr;rNu
“NghNk jhd; nghz;Zyf Njtjr;rd;
nghq;fKld; f&T+uhUf;F
NkYk; f&T+uhh; gy Nfhtpy;fis cz;lhf;fpath; vd;Wk; vz;zpyh tUlk; rkhjpNahfj;jpy; ,Ug;gth; vd;Wk; jdJ rpj;j fhz;lj;jpy; 5769tJ ghlypy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shh;fs;.

=kj; fhyq;fpehjh; =kj; f&T+uhiu Gfo;e;Jiuj;jJ.

=kj; fhyq;fp ehjhplk; rw;FU f&T+uhh; cgNjrk; ngw;wgpd; =kj; f&T+uhiu tho;j;Jk; =kj; fhyq;fpehjh; ,e;j G+Nyhfj;jpy; cq;fisg; Nghy; jPl;rz;ak; (rjhrpt epiy vd;w ,iwtDld; fye;j epiy) ngw;w rpj;jh;fs; vtUk; ,;y;iy Nfhb hp~pfSk; Kdpth;fSk; rpt Qhd jtkpUe;J cq;fisg; Nghd;W mUs;ngw;wth; ahUk; ,y;iy vd;W Mrp $wp top mDg;gp cs;shh;fs;. ,jw;F Mjhuk; f&T+uhh; gy jpul;L 300, 168tJ ghlypy;

fhurpj;Jg; G+Tyfpy; rpj;jUs;Ns
fz;bNyhk; cq;fSila jPl;rz;ak;
rPnwd;w KdptNuhL hp~pfs; Nfhb
rptQhdj; jtrpUe;Njhh; mUs; fhzhNu


=kj; ee;jPrh; =kj; f&T+uhiug; Gfo;e;jJ:

jpU%yh; FU tk;rj;jpy; Kjy; FUTk; =kj; jpU%yhpd; FUthd =kj; ee;jp Njth; =kj; f&T+uuh; nghjpif kiyapy; thOk; fhyj;jpy; Nahfj;jpy; rpwe;J tpsq;fpdhh; vd;W jdJ ee;jPrh; Qhdk; 100 vd;Dk; E}ypy; 37tJ ghlypy; tpsf;fpAs;shh;fs;.

,iwtdpd; mtjhuk;:

rpj;jh;fs; midtUk; =kj; f&T+uhiu ,iwtdpd; mtjhuk; vd;W Gfo;e;J Nghw;wpAs;shh;fs;.

=kj; f&T+uhhpd; cz;ik epiyia cyfpw;F czh;j;jNt rpj;jh;fs; ,t;thW Nghw;wp ghbAs;shh;fs;.

rpj;jh;fs; midtUk; ,iwtdpd; mk;rNk:

=kj; f&T+uhh; jd;epiyapy; cs;s gjpNdO rpj;jh;fisAk; jhd; vOJk; E}y;fSf;F fhg;ghf ,Ue;J top elj;j Ntz;b cs;shh;fs;. jd;Dld; xd;whf Qhd cgNjrk; ngw;w =kj; nfhq;fztUk; ,jpy; mlq;Fthh;. MfNt rpj;jh;fspy; cah;e;Njhh; jho;e;Njhh; ,y;iy. gjpndz; rpj;jh;fSk; ,iwtdpd; mk;rNk. ,ij =kj; f&T+uhh; gy jpul;L 300 vd;w E}ypy; ghly; 2y; Mjhukhf fhzyhk;.

%Nte;jh;fSk; Nghw;wp tzq;fpaJ:

mopahj Gfiog; ngw;w Nru, Nrho, ghz;bad; Mfpa %Nte;jh;fSk; jq;fsJ J}a gf;jpahy; flTshd rw;FU rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhpd; nghw;ghjq;fis rjhrh;tfhyKk; kdjpy; jpahdpj;J Nghw;wp tzq;fp rj;jpak; jtwhJ tho;e;jdh; vd;gij =kj; mf];jpa khKdpth; jdJ E}yhd mf];jpah; 12000 vd;w E}ypy; 4tJ fhz;lj;jpy; 471tJ ghlypy; ghbAs;shh;fs;.

rpj;jhd rpj;jKdp f&T+uhiu
rpw;gudhh; ghz;bah;fs; %th;jhKk;
epj;jpaKk; khrpyhf; flTs;NghNy
ep~fsq;f khdnjhU rpj;Jjd;id
gf;jpAld; fuq;Ftpj;J kQ;rypj;J
ghjhk; Gaj;ij ve;ehSk; kdjpYd;dp
rj;jpaKk; jtwhky; ghz;b%th;
rjhfhyKk; ghpridaha; Nghw;wpdhNu.
xUtUf;F FU fpilf;fg; ngw;why; mJNt vy;yh tsj;ijAk; jUk;. vdNtjhd; rk];fpUj ke;jpuk;>

'FU gpuk;kh FU tp~;Z FUNjNth kN`];tu
FU rhl;rhj; gug;gpuk;kh j];ik = FUNt ek"
vd;W ke;jpuk; nrhy;yp FUit epidj;J tzq;fptpl;L kw;w ke;jpuq;fis nrhy;fpwhHfs;.

',dpj;JaH glkhl;Nld; tpl;NlNd
vd; FU Nky; Miz ,l;NlNd" mUl;gh
'vy;yh epafSk; Vw;wpr; rpj;njy;yhk;
ty;yhd; vd vid itj;j rw;FUNt" vd;fpwhH.
ts;sy; ngUkhDk;

jpUtbg; Gfo;r;rpapy;
vd;FUvDk; gjk; vz;,~;lnja;tg;gjk;
vdJFynja;tg;gjk; vd;nghwpfSf;F vy;yhk;
ey;tpakhk; gjk; vd;vOikAk;tplhg; nghw;gjk;
vd; Fiwvy;yhk; jtpHj;J vd;idMl;nfhz;lgjk;
vdf;F va;g;gpy; itg;ghFk; gjk;
vy;yhHf;Fk; ey;ygjk; vy;yhk; nra;ty;ygjk;
,izapy;yhj; Jizahk; gjk;
vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

jpU%yH jpUke;jpuj;jpy;
njspT FUtpd; jpUNkdp fhz;ly;
njspT FUtpd; jpUehkk; nrg;gy;
njspT FUtpd; jpUthHj;ij Nfl;ly;
njspT FUcU rpe;jpj;jy; jhNd

FUehjhpd; mofpa jpUcUitf; fz;L tzq;Fjy; mwpTf;F tpsf;fkhFk; FUtpd; jpUg;ngaiuj; jpahdj;jpy;$l mwpTNkk;glTk; FUtpd; mUSiufisf; Nfl;gJ mwpit tprhykilar; nra;Ak;. ,it vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl me;j Qhdhrphpahpd; jpUcUit neQ;rpy; epWj;jp> mtH mUSiufis vz;zpagbNa> epidthy; njhOtJk; mwptpd; tpsf;fk; MFk;. jpUtUisg; ngwTk; FU mUNs Jiznra;af; $Lkhjyhy; FU mUspd; ngUik $wg;gLfpwJ.

rpj;jHfs; khHf;fk; vd;gJ FUrp~pa ghuk;ghpak; cilaJ. jd; gps;isiaf; fhl;bYk; rp~paDf;Nf Kjyplk; juf;$baJ ,j;jifa FUrp~pa ghuk;ghpak;.

1. rhpia 2. fphpia 3. Nahfk; 4. Qhdk vd;fpw ehd;F gbfspy

1. rhpia - vd;gJ kz; capUk; jd; capHNghy; vz;ZtJ rhpiaepiy.
2. fphpia – kDePjpAk; FUnkhopAk; jl;lhjpUg;gJNt fphpiaepiy.
3. Nahfepiy - xd;whky; miyAk; kdk; XLq;FtJ Nahfepiy.
4. Qhdk; - vg;NghJk; vy;yhk; jw;gukha; - cyfj;jpy; elf;fpd;w vy;yh nray;fSf;Fk; ,iwtNd fhuzk; vd;w Qhdepiy.

,q;Nf fphpia epiyapy; FUnkhopia jl;lhjpUg;gJ typAWj;jg;gLfpwJ. vdNt ekf;F FUtpd; Jiz ,d;wp xd;iwAk; nra;a KbahJ vd;gij xt;nthUtUk; (gf;jHfs;) Ghpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

rd;khHf;fpfSf;F

edtpYk; kz;Mir fdtpYk; ngz;Mir
ROj;jpapYk; nghd;nghUs; Mir $lhJ.
',iwtd; epiy mwpe;J mk;kak; Mjy;" vd;W ts;sy;ngUkhd; $WfpwhH.

rpj;jHfs; jq;fsJ FUkhHfspd; topfhl;LjyhYk; jttypikahYk; Nguwpitf; nfhz;Lk; gy mw;Gj Muha;r;rpfSk; tpag;gpw;Fhpa rhjidfisAk; nra;J ,d;Wk; ek;Kld; tho;e;J tUfpwhHfs;.

mt;tifapy; mtHfs; cly; mopahJ tho;tjw;Fk; kf;fSf;F gy ed;ikfis nra;jplTk; ,urthjk; vd;w kpf cd;djkhd Muha;r;rpfisr; nra;jdH. ,urthjk; vd;gJ gQ;rg+jq;fspd; Fzj;ijAk; jd;Ds; epiyg;gLj;jp ,Uf;Fk; jput cNyhfkhd ghjurj;ijf; nfhz;L nra;ag;gLk; kUe;Jfs; ,urkzpfs;> Fspiffs; kw;Wk; tfutpj;ij> kl;l cNyhfj;ij jq;fkhf khw;Wjy;. jfutpj;ij vd;fpw jd; cliyNa jq;fkhf khw;Wjy; Nghd;witfs; MFk;.

,ur kUe;Jfs; vd;gJ ghjurk;, %ypiffs;, cNyhfq;fs;> ,uhrazq;fs;> gh~hdq;fs; Nghd;wtw;iw nfhz;L jahhpf;fg;gLk; nre;J}uk;> Rz;zk;> g];gk;> nkOF Nghd;w Neha; jPHf;Fk; kUe;JfSk;> eiu> jpiu> %g;G mZfhJ jd;id fhj;Jf;nfhz;L neLq;fhyk; tho itf;Fk; kUe;JfSk; cly; mopahky; ,e;j cyfk; cs;stiuAk; mjw;F NkYk; thoitf;Fk; fhafw;gKk; mlq;Fk;.

,ur kzp my;yJ Fspif vd;gJ ghjurj;jpd; jd;ikia khw;wp mij kzpNghy; ,Wfr; nra;J gad;gLj;JtJ. ,jd;gad; mstpl KbahjjhFk;. NghfH 108 tifahd urkzpfis jhd; nra;jjhf Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. ,e;j urkzpia Kiwahf gad;gLj;jp thdj;jpy; gwg;gJ. cyfk; cs;stiu %r;rlf;fp cly; mopahJ thoyhk;. Neha;fis Fzg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;syhk;. Vd; fliyAk; $l tw;wptplr; nra;ayhk;. ,J J}akdKk; jttypikAk; Mo;e;j FU gf;jpAk; cs;s Gz;zpaUf;Nf mikAk;.

,urthjk;
,urthjk; gw;wp ‘Mde;j fe;jk;| vd;w E}ypy; kfhigutH (rptngUkhdpd; mtjhuk;) kpfTk; tpsf;fkhf Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH. rptngUkhdhy; ghHtjpNjtpf;F cgNjrpf;fg;gl;L gpd;dH> thiyg; ngz; vd;w ghHtjpNjtpapd; mk;rkhd 10 taJ ngz; nja;tk; rpj;jHfSf;F ,e;j cd;dj tpj;ijia tpsf;fp $wpajhfTk; tuyhW cs;sJ.

Nky;ehl;L Qhdpahd ghHryr]; (PARCELESUA THE GREAT) vd;gtH rpj;jHfspd; ,urkzpf;F vyf;l;uk; (ELECTRUM) vd;W ngahpl;L mjd; mw;Gj rf;jpia Gfo;e;J $wpAs;shH.

,dp> rpj;jH =kj; fUT+uhH vt;thW ,urkUe;J> ,urNtij> ,urkzp Nghd;witfisr; nra;J gad;gLj;jpdhH vd;gijg; ghHg;Nghk;.

rpj;jh; =kj; fUT+uhH jdJ Muha;r;rpapy; ghjurj;ijAk;> ,urhadq;fisAk;> %ypiffisAk;> jhJtHf;fq;fisAk;> gh~hdq;fisAk; gy tiffspy; Kiwahf gad;gLj;jp g];gk;> nre;J}uk;> nkOF Nghd;w kUe;Jfis jahhpj;J mjd; %ykhf jho;e;j uf cNyhfj;ijAk; jq;fkhf khw;Wk; ty;yik ngw;wpUe;jhH.

rpj;jH =kj; fUT+uhH jhd;nra;j jq;fj;ij gad;gLj;jp Vio vspatHfSf;F cjtp nra;Jk;> md;djhdk; mspj;Jk;> kUj;Jtk; nra;Jk;> NkYk; gy topfspy; kf;fSf;F gad;gLj;jpdhH vd;gij =kj; fUT+uhH. jdJ thjfhtpak; vd;w E}ypy; ghly; 97-98 ,y; $wpAs;shH.

mJkl;Lky;yhJ Nahf ,ufrpaq;fisAk; cly; jj;Jtq;fisAk; #l;Rkkhf kf;fSf;F tpsf;fp kd mikjpia Vw;gLj;jp ey;topg;gLj;jpaJld; gy rpt Myaq;fis Vw;gLj;jp> mjpy; jq;fj;jpNyNa tpf;ufk; nra;J itj;jhH. cjhuzj;jpw;F fhrpapy; cs;s 'fhrp tp];tehjH" tpf;ufk; MFk;. Mjhuk; mf];jpaH 12000> 4tJ fhz;lk; ghly; 457y; cs;sJ.

,t;thnwy;yhk; rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH kfpik tha;e;jtH vd;gij cyfk; midtUk; mwpe;J mtiug; Nghw;wpj; Jjpf;f Ntz;Lk;. =kj; fUt+uhH nra;J itj;jpUe;j nre;J}u tiffs;> kUe;J tiffs;> fhafw;g kUe;Jfs;> jq;fq;fs; xU fhlsNt ,Uf;Fk; vd;Wk; mit kw;w Njthp~pfsplKk;> rpj;jHfsplKk;> NjtHfsplKk;> Vd; FNgudplKk; $l ,Uf;fhJ vd;Wk; mitfspd; msit $Wtjw;F ehNt ,y;iy vd;W mf];jpaH 12000 4tJ fhz;lk; vd;w E}ypy; 459> 461 ghly;fs; $Wfpd;wd.

vd;dNt fUt+uhH kfpik ag;gh
naopyhd khdplHf swpthNuhjhd;
Jd;dNt atHNjb itj;j itg;G
Jg;Gtha; nre;J}uf; fhNlahFk;
cz;lhd Nfhbtiu Nfhb jq;fk;
cj;jkdha; fUT+uhH epjp jhdhFk;
nfhz;lhy;tz;z zhr;RjdhH epjpjhd;nfhQ;Rk;
$Htjw;F ehtpy;iy epjpNah nkj;j
mz;lH gpuhd; Njthjp hp~pfs; NjtH
mtH itj;j epjpaJT kpjw;rPLz;Nlh
vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

jfutpj;ij
jfutpj;ij vd;w jq;fk; nra;Ak; kUe;ij fhafw;gkhf> fLk; gj;jpaj;Jld; njhlHe;J cz;ltHfspd; kyKk; ryKk; gl;l ,lk; vy;yhk; jq;fkhFk;. mJ jtpu 8 tifahd cNyhfq;fspYk; mtHfspd; kyKk; ryKk; gLk;NghJ mitAk; jq;fkhFk; ,J rptd;kPJ Miz ngha;ay;y vd;W thjfhtpak; 700 vd;w E}ypy; 121 tJ nra;Aspy; =kj; fUT+uhH Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

,urthj fw;gj;ij tplhky; ehl;lKld; nfhz;lhf;fhy;
eprkha; ky[yq;fs; gl;laplk; epjpNtij fhZkg;gh
ml;lNyhfk; Ntjpf;Fk; ntF Mr;rhpa khapUf;Fk;
jpl;lkha;j; jhd; gKf;Fk; ,J rptdhid jg;ghJ
fw;g tiffs;
1. %ypif fw;gk; 2. ,uhrhad fw;gk; 3. Nahf fw;gk;

fha fw;gk; vspjy;y tpjpg;gaDk;> ey;y gz;Gk;> kfhd;fspd; E}ywpTk;> epiwe;j FU gf;jpAk;> FUkhHfspd; topfhl;LjYk; ,iltplhj ,iwtdpd; epidTk;> kdf;fl;Lg;ghLk;> mauhj Kaw;rpAk; ,Ue;jhy; kl;LNk fhafy;gk; rpj;jpf;Fk;.

%ypif fw;gk; kw;Wk; ,urhad fw;gk; vd;gJ 122 tifahFk;. ,jpy; fhafw;g %ypfs; 60 tifAk; cgurk; 60 tifAk;> jq;fk; ghjurk; Mfpa ,uz;Lk; NrHe;J 122 tiffshFk;.

%ypif kw;Wk; jhJ tiffis g];gk;> #uzk;> nre;J}uk;> Nyfpak;> nkOF> f]hak;> Fspiffs; Nghd;w gytif kUe;Jfshf nra;J Fwpg;gpl;l fhyj;jpw;F fLk; gj;jpaj;Jld; Kiwahf thrpNahfk; nra;J cz;L te;jhy; cly; vd; ehSk; mopahJ.

fhafw;gk; cz;L Kiwahf thrpNahfk; nra;Jte;jhy; Rthrk; RopKid topahf jiy cr;rpapy; ,Uf;Fk; rf];uhuj;ij mile;jhy; mq;fpUe;J jpj;jpg;G RitAs;s mkpHjk; nrhl;Lr; nrhl;lhf RopKid topahf ,wq;fp njhz;ilapy; ,wq;Fk; ,ij thrpNahfj;jhy; mDjpdKk; gUfptu cly; ,Uk;GNghy; ,Wfp eiujpiu khWk;.

,tHfSf;F gQ;rg+jq;fSk; Kg;gj;J Kf;Nfhb NjtHfSk; fl;Lg;gLthHfs;. ,tHfspd; clYk; capUk; ve;j epiyapYk; mopahJ.

,e;epiyia rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH mile;jhH vd;gJ gy rpj;jHfspd; ghly;fs; Mjhukhf cs;sJ. mf];jpaH 12000 vd;w E}y; 4tJ fhz;lk; 469 tJ ghlypy;>

Mr;rg;gh fUt+uhH khHf;fnky;yhk;
mg;gNd apg;gbNa nrg;gyhFk;
%r;rlf;fp rpyfhyk; rkhjpjd;dpy;
%Jyif jhd;kwe;J rpj;JthFk;
Ngr;rlq;fp neLq;fhy kpUe;jrpj;J
NgUyfpy; kTdkij nfhz;lrpj;J
khr;ryJ Neuhj kfpikrpj;J
kfj;jhd Njthp~p naz;zyhNz

ngha;ciu vd;nwz;ZjpNuy; Nghkpd; Gwf;filapy;
nka;Aiu vd;nwz;ZjpNuy; NkTkpNdh Iad;mUs;
rpj;jpvyhk; ty;y jpUf;$j; Jythky;
,j;jpdQ; njhl;lhLfpw;ghd; ,q;F - mUl;gh


jdpj;jiytd; vy;yhk; nra;ty;y rpj;jd; Qhd
rigj; jiytd; vd; csj;Nj jdpj;jpUe;Js; czHj;jf;
fdpj;j csj;njhLk; czHe;Nj czHj;Jfpd;Nwd; ,ijXH
fij vd eP epidNay; nka; fUj;Jiu vd;wwpf
,dpj;j mUl;ngUk;N[hjp Miz vy;yhk; cila
,iwtd; tU jUzk; ,J rj;jpakhk; ,jidg;
gdpj;j TyfthH mwpe;Nj ca;Ak; tif ,d;Nd
gfHe;jpLf ehis mUl;guk Rfr;rhNw . mUl;gh.

ke;jpuq;fspd; rhg eptHj;jp
Xk; mq; cq; rpq; fpyPk; `pwPk; mt;Tk; rfy ke;jpuq;fspd; rhgq;fs; erpkrp Rth`h vd;W ,yl;rk; cU n[gpj;Jr; rpj;jp nra;J nfhz;L ve;j ke;jpuj;ij nrhd;dhYk; gypf;Fk; ,e;j ke;jpuj;ij rpj;jp nra;J nfhs;shky; ve;j ke;jpuKk; gypf;fhJ.

MLtha; vd;wy;Nyh cd;jdf;F
miwe;NjNd rpj;jpDl #r;Rkj;ij
fhLkiy jphpe;jhYk; mfg;glhJ
fUT+uhH rPld; vd;W nrhy;ypg;Nghl;Nld;
ehL jdpy; ,l;lrpj;Jk; NeHj;jpahf
ehl;bNdd; gj;jpukha; E}iyf;fhU
NjLtha; FUtpDl gjj;ijag;gh
njspthf ml;lrpj;J Kw;WKw;Nw.

#hpafiy
rhjhuz [PtHfs; re;jpufiyapy; gpwg;gJk; ,wg;gJk; ,aw;if gf;FtHfs; (Qhdpfs;> Nahfpfs;) #hpafiyapy; gpwg;gJk; ,wg;gJk; ,aw;if #hpafiy mDgtk; fpilg;gJ f~;lk; rjhfhyKk; #hpafiyapy; Rthrk; nry;Yk;gb kdij epWj;jpg; goFjy; Ntz;Lk; vd;W ts;sy;ngUkhd; nrhy;ypAs;sij gbe;J njhpe;J nfhz;l ehs; Kjy; RkhH 20 Mz;L fhykhf mbNad; #hpa fiyapy; kl;Lk; Rthrj;ij ,uT gfy; vg;NghJk; elj;jpf; nfhz;Ls;Nsd;. MfNt Qhdpf;Fhpa ,yl;rzq;fisg; ngw;Ws;Nsd;. vg;NghJk; #hpafiyapy; ,Ug;gtHfSf;F epidg;gJ nrhy;tJ midj;Jk; gypf;Fk;.

ghHf;fpy;tyk; cgNjrk; tpj;ij Nrit
gilNahl;ly; gapHnrl;Lf; fsT #J
Nghf;f nthzh tof;Ff;fhp ghpNj&Hjy;
gpwq;F nkOj;njOjy; rq;fPjk; ghly;
thHj;ij gifgq;fq; Nfhs; gprhR jPHj;jy;
ke;jpuQ; rhjpj;jhy; kUe;JzY wq;fy;
Nfhj;jp Gdyhly; nfhy;tplq;fs; jPHj;jy;
nfhLk;gpzp jk;gd Nghfq; Fwpf;Fq; fhNy - ruE}y; ftp

Nkw;$wpa ftpapd; nghUs; ahnjdpy; FU cgNjrk; ngwy;> jhk; xUtUf;F cgNjrk; gz;zy;> tpj;ijf; fw;wy;> ghuhazk; nra;jy;> tpj;ij xUtUf;F XJjy;> xUtiu tzq;fy;> vjphpapd; gil Juj;jy; gapH tpisj;jy;> tpahghuk; nra;jy;> #jhly;> xUtuhYk; jPHf;fKbahj tof;F Ngry;> ahid Fjpiu NjH ,itfspy; Vwpr; rthhp Nghjy;> tpsq;fptUk; gbahd vOj;J vOJjy;> rq;fPjg; ghly;> Ngrj; njhlq;fy;> gprhR Xl;Ljy;> ke;jpuepl;il rhjpj;jy;> kUe;J rhg;gpLjy;> Nghrdk; Grpj;jy;> epj;jpiu nra;jy;> ];jhdQ; nra;jy;> ,it mj;jidAk; nra;jhy; ntw;wp cz;lhFk;.

rpj;jH =kj; fUT+uhH jdJ thjfhtpak; 700 vd;w E}ypy; 7tJ ghlypy; 41 tifahd fhafw;g kUe;Jfis cz;ljhfTk; fhafw;gk; rhg;gpLk; KiwiaAk; mjd; gaidAk; $wp mt;thW fhafw;gk; rhg;gpl;ltNu rpj;jH Mf KbAk; vd;W jdJ thjfhtpak; 700y; 8tJ ghlypy;>

fhrpdpapy; ahd;nfhz;l fw;gq;Nfsha;
fbjhf ehw;gj;NjhH fw;gkhFk;
ghug;gh ntFNfhb fhykl;Lk;
gz;ghf rlyj; NjhNlapUg;gjw;F
Neug;gh fw;gkJ nfhs;s NtZk;
NeHikAld; gj;jpakha; ,Uf;f NtZk;
fhug;gh cg;Gfis fl;l NtZk;
fUj;JlNd FUKbj;Jf; nfhs;s NtZk;
rPug;gh apitahTk; Kbj;Njhd; rpj;jd;
n[fj;jpdpNy neLehSk; ,Ug;ghd;rPNu

Nkw;$wpa ghlypy; ntFNfhb tUlk; clYk; capUk; mopahky; ,Ug;gjw;F fhafw;gk; rhg;gpl Ntz;Lk;. mjw;F fw;g gj;jpak; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. fz;l fz;l Mfhuq;fis cl;nfhs;sf; $lhJ. gj;jpak; vd;W nrhy;yg; gLfpd;w Mfhutiffis kl;LNk cl;nfhz;L cg;Gfis fl;b cz;z Ntz;Lk;. FU kUe;J nra;J itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,itfis nra;J rhg;gpl;ltNu rpj;jH ,tHfs; ,e;j cyfpy; neLq;fhyk; capUld; ,Ug;ghHfs; vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

MfNt Nkw;Fwpj;j Ma;tpd;%yk; rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH ,d;Dk; ek;Kld; rQ;rhpf;fpd;whH. J}a md;ghYk; J}a gf;jpahYk; mtiu epidj;J FUtb ruzk; jpUtb ruzk; vd;W rjhfhyKk; ,e;j ke;jpuj;ij nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L te;jhy; rj;jpakhf xU ehs; ekf;F fhl;rpnfhLj;J mUs; GhpthH. (,e;j ke;jpuk; rpj;jH =kj; fUT+uhH vdf;F ftdpy; czHj;jpaJ).

rpj;jH =kj; fUTuhhpd; taJ gw;wpa Ma;T
rpj;jHfspd; taij fzf;fpl ve;j xU rhjhuz kdpjuhYk; KbahJ. xU rpj;jH jd;Dld; tho;e;j kw;w rpj;jHfspd; ngUikia cyfpw;F czHj;Jtjw;fhf jq;fs; Muha;r;rp E}y;fspy; Mq;fhq;Nf rpy Fwpg;Gfs; nfhLg;ghHfs;. mitfis xd;W jpul;b ehk; MuhAk;NghJ cz;ik tpsq;Fk; mt;thwpd;wp ek; juj;jpy; rpj;jHfis xg;gpl;L mtHfspd; taij $Wtij Vw;Wf; nfhs;s KbahjjhfNt ,Uf;Fk;.

=kj; mfj;jpahpd; fUj;J
=kj; mfj;jpaH jdJ mfj;jpaH 12000 vd;w E}ypy; ehyhtJ fhz;lk; 473tJ ghlypy; fUT+uhhpd; taij Fwpg;gpLk;NghJ =kj; fUT+uhH fhafw;gk; cz;L FUe;jkuk; vd;w kuj;jpd; mbapy; jd; FUkhHfis kdjhy; tzq;fp Nahfj;jhy; Qhdg;ghy; vd;w mkh;jj;ij cz;L miuNfhb tUlk; rkhjpNahfj;jpy; cly; mopahJ ,Ue;J nfhz;L ,t;cyNfhHf;fhf gy mw;Gjq;fis nra;J tUfpwhH vd;W =kj; mfj;jpaH Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.

,Ue;jhNu fUt+uhH rpj;JjhKk;
vopyhd fhahjp fw;gq; nfhz;L
FUe;j kue; jd;dUNf jhDQ;nrd;W
FUgudhk; hp~pahiu jhd; epidj;J
jpUe;jNt Qhdg;ghy; kjpak; g+z;L
jPHf;fKld; miu Nfhb fhykg;gh
nghUe;jNt rkhjpKf kpUe;J nfhz;L
nghq;fKld; m~;lrpj;Jk; MbdhNu

,t;thW =kj; fUt+uhH gy yl;rk; tUlq;fshf ,d;Wk; clYld; tho;e;J tUfpwhH vd;gij Vw;f KbahjtHfSf;F xU tpsf;fk;. rpj;jHfspd; fhyj;ij vt;thW fzf;fpl;lhHfs; vd;gij njhpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

cjhuzk;
1 ehSf;F 2>11>000 nehb
60 nehb 1 tpdhb
60 tpdhb 1 ehopif
60 ehopif 1 ehs;
1 ehopiff;F ehk; tpLk; Rthrk; 360
1 ehSf;F ehk; tpLk; Rthrk; 21.600.
rpj;jHfspd; Ma;Tg;gb rhurhp kdpjdpd; taJ 80 (vz;gJ) ,ij ehd;fhf gphpj;J 4 Afk; vd;w fzf;fhf tFj;jdH.

1 tJ Afk; = fpNujhAfk; vd;gJ 80 X 21600 = 17>28>000 tUlq;fs;
2 tJ Afk; = jpNujhAfk; vd;gJ 60 X 21600 = 12>96>000 tUlq;fs;
3 tJ Afk; = JthguAfk; vd;gJ 40 X 21600 = 8>64>000 tUlq;fs;
4 tJ Afk; = fypAfk; vd;gJ 20 X 21600 = 4>32>000 tUlq;fs;

xU rJH Afj;jpw;F 43>20>000 tUlq;fs;
4 Afk;; : 1 rJH Afk
71 rJHAfk; : 1 kD
14 kD : 1 fw;gk;
30 fw;gk; : g+kpapd; MAs

,Jtiu ,e;j g+kp 2tJ fw;gj;jpy; (rpNtjtuhfw;gk;) 7tJ kDtpy; (it];tjd; kD) 28 tJ rJH Afj;jpy; 4tJ Afkhd fypAfj;jpy; 5103 tJ tUlj;jpy; ,aq;fp tUfpd;wJ. ehKk; tho;e;J tUfpNwhk;. mjhtJ ,e;j g+kp Njhd;wp 625>49>13103 tUlq;fs; Mfpd;wd (625 NfhbNa 49 ,yl;rj;J 13103 Mapuk; Mz;Lfs;).

rpj;jH =kj; fUT+uhhpd; taJ tpguj;ij Muha;Nthk;.
fhfGrz;lH jd; ngUE}y; fhtpak; 1000 ,y; 143tJ ghlypy
cz;Nlhjhd; Jthguj;jpy; NghfehjH
cjpj;j Fyhj;JlNd jhdpq;Fte;jhH
fz;Nlhjhd; fUT+uhH NghfehjH
fHkkpy;yhf; fd;dprpj;jd; nfhq;fdH jhd;.
JthguAfj;jpy; (ve;j kfhAfj;ij rhHe;j JthguAfj;jpy; ve;j tUlj;jpy; vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gltpy;iy). =kj; NghfUk;> =kj; fUt+uhUk; jd;id re;jpj;jjhf fhfGRz;lH $WfpwhH. =kj; NghfUk; =kj; fUt+uhUk; =kj; nfhq;fzUk; kf;fSf;fhf ,e;j fypAfj;jpy; gy mw;Gjq;fis nra;Js;sdH.

cjhuzj;jpw;F
=kj; NghfH goepapy; nra;J itj;j etgh~hz KUfd; rpiyAk; =kj; fUt+uhH rpjk;guk; eluh[H Nfhtpypy; itj;Js;s eluh[H rpiyAk; fypAfj;jpy; nra;jitNa MfNt mUs;kpF rpj;jH fUT+uhH vz;zpyh NfhbtUlk; clYld; kf;fSld; kf;fshf tho;e;J nfhz;L tUfpwhH.

rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhhpd; taijAk; mtH nra;j Muha;r;rpfisAk; mtuJ NahfrhjidfisAk; mjd;%yk; mtH mile;j mw;Gjkhd Mw;wy;fisAk; xU ruhrhp kdpjd; Nfl;Fk;NghJ gpukpg;ghfTk; Mr;rhpakhfTk; ,Uf;Fk;. ek;gTk; khl;lhHfs;. Mdhy; ,itnay;yhk; Mjhu g+Htkhd cz;ik.

md;G thrfHfs; rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhiug; gw;wp gbj;J njhpe;J nfhz;lhy; kl;Lk; NghjhJ mthplj;jpy; cz;ik (J}a) gf;jpahYk; J}a md;ghYk; mthplk; ruzile;J rjhrHt fhyKk; mtH epidthf cUfp ,Uf;f mtH fhl;rp nfhLj;J cldpUe;J ek;ik cWjpahf topelj;JthH ,J mDgt cz;ik ,J rj;jpak;.

ngUikAs;s fUt+uhH rPld; vd;W
NgRthH NgUyf khz;gH vy;yhk;
mUikAs;s rpj;jH mtH vd;Wnrhy;thH
mg;gg;gh mtHthf;F ngha;ahJ vd;ghH
tWik tUk; fhyj;jpy; vd;idg; Nghw;W
tifnrhy;ypg; NghNtNd kHkkpy;iy
fUthspah thNa vd;idg; NghNy
fz;kzpNa fyq;fhNj gjpapy; epy;Ny.

Xk; rpq;uq; mq;rpq
vd;W ke;jpuk; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L te;jhy; gjpndl;L rpj;jHfspy; ePq;fs; ahiu epidj;J mioj;jhYk; mtHfs; fhl;rp je;J MrPHtjpg;ghHfs;. rpj;Jg; ngWtjw;F mJNt ngUk; Jizahf ,Uf;Fk;.

nra;j jkpo; jidawpe;J gjpndz;Ngiur;
nrk;ikAld; fhz;gjw;F %yq;NfS
irjd;a khdnjhU jd;idg; Nghw;wpr;
rjhfhyk; Xk; rpq;uq; mq;rpq; vd;W
nka;jtwhg; g+uzkha; AUNt nra;jhy;
Ntjhe;j rpj;jiuj;jhd; trkha; fhz;gha;
ca;jKld; mtHfisj;jhd; trkha;f; fz;lhy;
cj;jkNd rfyrpj;Jf; FjtpahNk - ep[hde;jNghjk;
fz; Gifr;ry;> rijg;glyk; jPu> #L> Fj;jy; jPu midj;J tpjkhd fz; rk;ge;jg;gl;lg; gpur;ridfs; jPu xU rpwpa ghj;jpuj;jpy; Rj;j jz;zPiu ,lJ ifapy; itj;Jf; nfhz;L 108 Kiw ke;jpuk; n[gpj;J me;jj; jz;zPuhy; fhiyapYk; khiyapYk; fz;fisf; fOtp te;jhy; fz;rk;ge;jg; gl;l mj;jidg; gpur;ridfSk; jPUk;. me;j ke;jpuk; ahnjdpy;>

Xk; yh Y yP Rth`h
rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhiuf; FUthf Vw;W mtH Nky; md;G nfhz;L mtUila topapy; ele;jhy; ekf;F fUt+uuhpd; rPld; vd;W cyfj;jpy; cs;s midtUk; ek;ikg; Nghw;Wk; gbahd ngUikAk; ekf;F te;J NrUk;. mUikahd rpj;jH vd;W fUt+uhiu epidg;ghHfs;. mtUila thf;F vd;WNk ngha;f;fhJ. tWikNah> Jd;gNkh tUk; NghJ fUt+uhiu epidj;J tzq;fpdhy; ekf;F mg;gpur;rpidfspy; ,Ue;J tpLgl topf; $WthH. vjw;fhfTk; fyq;fhky; vd;idg; Nghy; kfpo;r;rpahf vg;NghJk; ,U vd;W fPo;tUk; ghlypy; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH.

ngUikAs;s fUt+uhH rPld; vd;W
NgRthH NgUyf khz;gH vy;yhk;
mUikAs;s rpj;jH mtH vd;Wnrhy;thH
mg;gg;gh mtHthf;F ngha;ahJ vd;ghH
tWik tUk; fhyj;jpy; vd;idg; Nghw;W
tifnrhy;ypg; NghNtNd kHkkpy;iy
fUthspah thNa vd;idg; NghNy
fz;kzpNa fyq;fhNj gjpapy; epy;Ny.
re;jpufiy
re;jpufiy ,lJ ehrpapy; elf;Fk;NghJ ve;nje;j fhhpaq;fis nra;ayhk; vd;why; xUtiu J}J mDg;Gjy;> jhNd J}J Nghjy;> Gjpa Mil cLj;jy;> Mguzq;fs mzpe;Jnfhs;tJ> jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;Sjy;> fpzW> Fsk;> Vhp Kjypad Njhz;Ljy;> tPL> kid thq;Fjy;> xU tPl;bw;F FbNghjy;> xU nghUis tpw;wy;> jd;idtpl xUgb caH gjtpapy; cs;Nshiu kw;Wk; mikr;rH KjypatHfis fhzy;> rhe;jp fopj;jy;> ,~;l nja;tj;ij gpujp~;il nra;jy;> Ruk; jPHj;jy;> xUtid rkhjhdk; nra;jy;> fy;tp Nfl;Lf; nfhs;Sjy;> jdk; jhdpak; Kjypaitfis NrHj;J itj;jy;> jUkk; nra;jy;> ghg tpNkhrdk; nra;jy; Mfpa ,itnay;yhk; ed;ikahFk;.

Nfl;fpyplk; J}jhil azpnghd; g+zy;
fpsUkzk; mbiknfhsy; fPo;ePH fpz;ly;
tho;f;if kid naLj;jy; FbGFjy; tpw;wy;
kd;dtiuf; fhzYk;ik kUty; rhe;jp
Ntl;if nja;tg; gpujpl;il Ruk; ntWg;Gj;jPHj;jy;
tpj;ij ngwy; jdk; Gijj;jy; kpfTk; ehl;fky kyHKfj;jha; jhfe; jPHj;jy;
ed;Nwah kpitnayhk; ele;JghNu (ruE}y; ftp)
fhrp tp];tehjH Myak; rpwg;gile;jJ rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhhpd; mDf;fpufj;jpdhy; jhd;.

rpj;jHfs; Njhw;wj;jpy; vspatHfshfTk;> gpj;jHfisg; NghyTk; ,Ug;ghHfs;. mjw;F fhuzk; mtHfs; kdk; vd;w Fuq;if Ml;Ltpf;Fk; Mir vd;fpw Ngia mlf;fp jd;trg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ljhy; RaNjit vd;gJ ,y;yhJ jd;dplk; cs;sijAk; twpatHfSf;F nfhLj;Jtpl;L jd;idAk; g+uzkhf ,iwtdplk; xg;gilj;J (ruzhfjp jj;Jtk;) jhNd ,iwtdpd; mtjhukhf tho;tjhy; mtHfs; mtHfshf ,Ug;gjpy;iy.

rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH jdJ jt typikiag; ngUf;fpf; nfhs;sTk; jd;dplk; cjtpia vjpHghHj;J ,Uf;Fk; kf;fSf;F cjtTk;. mUs;jU <];tuidAk;> ghHtjp NjtpiaAk; jhprpf;f njd;dfj;jpy; gy rpt Myaq;fSf;F ahj;jpiu Nkw;nfhz;lhH.

rpjk;guk;> jpUf;fse;ij> Mjpj;Njr;Ruk;> jpUf;fpoq;Nfhl;^H> kzpak;gyk;> jpUKfj;jis> jpiuNyhf;fpa Re;juk;> fq;if nfhz;l NrhNor;ruk;> jpUg;Gtdk;> jpUr;rhl;baf;Fb> jQ;ir> jpUtpilkUJ}H Nghd;w ];jyq;fSf;F ahj;jpiu nra;J ,iwtidg; Nghw;wp gy jpUg;gjpfq;fs; ,aw;wpdhH.

rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH nfhq;F ehL> tlehL> njhz;ilehL> eLehL vd;Dk; jkpo; kz;lyq;fis Rw;wpg; ghHj;Jtpl;L Mq;fhq;Nf jd; jttypikahy; kf;fSf;F gy ed;ik Vw;gLk; tifapy; gy rpj;Jfis nra;J te;jhH. gpd;dH fhrpia nrd;W mile;J mq;Fs;s kf;fSf;F jdJ jttypikahy; mtHfSila Fiwfisj; jPHj;J jdJ jiytdhd fhrp tp];tehjUf;Fg; ngUik NrHf;Fk; tifapy; njhz;L nra;J te;j rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH mUs;kpF fhrp tp];tehjiu Rj;jj; jq;fj;jhy; tbtikj;J ];jhgpjk; nra;J nrhHz topghL nra;a vz;zpdhH. NjtHfisAk;> FNguidAk; tpl mUs; nry;tKk;> nghUl;nry;tKk; epiwe;J ,Ue;j rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH jdJ ,urthj tpj;ijahy; xU yl;rq;Nfhb rptypq;fis Rj;jj; jq;fj;jhy; nra;J itj;J topgl;lhH. Mjhuk; mf];jpaH 12000> 4tJ fhz;lk;> 465tJ ghlypy; rptypq;fk; kl;Lky;y. khlq;fs;> $lq;fs;> kjpy; RtHfs; vd midj;ijAk; Rj;jj; jq;fj;jhy; nra;J itj;J fhrp tp];tehjH Myak; jsq;fspNy kpfTk; Gfo; tha;e;jJk;> fhrpia epidg;gtHfSk; nrd;W topgl;ltHfSf;Fk; mq;Nf trpg;gtHfSf;Fk; Nkhl;rk; vd;fpw gpwthepiyia mUSk; jskhf khw;wpdhH. mt;thW nrhHdypq;f topghL nra;J nfhz;bUe;j fhyj;jpy; jdJ FUthd NghfH kw;Wk; jpU%yhpd; cgNjrg;gb kf;fspd; kdj;jpy; jq;fj;jpy; Nky; Miria cz;lhf;fhJ ,Uf;fTk; (jPatHfs; mtw;iw jpUlhJ ,Uf;fTk; me;j Rj;jj; jq;f rptypq;fisnay;yhk; xd;W NrHj;J jq;fr; nrk;ghf khw;wpdhH.

Kw;wPriu topgl;lJ
jdJ ahj;jpiuapd;NghJ rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH mUs; jUk; Kw;wPriu jhprpf;f vz;zp fN[e;jpu Nk~k; vd;fpw jyj;ij mile;J jpUf;Nfhtpypd; Kd;epd;W Kw;wPrH jdf;F fhl;rp nfhLj;J mUs; ghypf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Kw;wPriu Jjpj;J ghb mioj;jhH. rpj;jhpd; mKj fhdj;ij Nfl;l Kw;wPrH rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH Kd; Njhd;wp f&H rpj;jNu ckJ gf;jpf;F kfpo;e;Njhk; kpfTk; fisg;ghf cs;s ckf;F fisg;G ePq;f vd;d Ntz;Lk; vd;W Kw;wPrH Nfl;f

vd;Ds; Fbnfhz;bUf;Fk; <.rNd rptngUkhNd vkJ fisg;G jPu rpwpJ fs; Ntz;Lk; vd;W rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH ,iwtid Nfl;f Kw;wPrH fhsp md;idia mioj;J fhsp Njtpaplk; ‘fUt+uhd; Fbf;f fs; Nfl;fpwhd; nfhL vd;W $wpdhH.

jw;Nghija etPdfhykhf ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; Fbf;f FspHghdk; Nfl;L ,Ug;ghH. me;j fhyj;jpy; fisg;G jPHf;Fk; ghdk; mJjhd;. fhsp md;id mt;tplk; Njhd;wp jdJ gf;jHfis mioj;J rpj;jH fUt+uhHf;F Fbf;f fs; nfhz;L tUk;gb fl;lisapl mtHfSk; fs; Flj;Jld; te;J fhsp md;idaplk; nfhLf;f fhsp md;id rpj;jH fUt+uhhplk; nfhLj;J kfNd fUH rpj;jNd. ,Njh eP Nfl;l fs; ,ij Fbj;J cdJ fisg;igg; Nghf;fpf; nfhs; vd;W jha; md;NghL rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhiu MrpHtjpj;J kiwe;jhH. ele;jtw;iw gpukpg;NghL fz;L epd;w kf;fs; rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhhpd; kfpikia czHe;J mtiu Nghw;wp cgrhpj;J ey;yhrp ngw;wdH.

jpUf;FU$H rptngUkhid jhprpj;jy;
,t;thW rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH jdJ jyahj;jpiuapd;NghJ jhkpuguzp ejpf;fiuapy; cs;s vopy;kpF jpUFU$iu Nehf;fp te;J nfhz;bUe;jhH. me;ehspy; jpUf;FU$hpy; Fbnfhz;L mUs; jUk; ngUkhd; mt;t+H ghftjHfspd; fdtpy; Njhd;wp ek; fUt+H rpj;jH vk;ik jhprpf;f ,q;F te;J nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhH. mtiu tuNtw;W cgrhpj;J Nghw;wp mtuUs; ngWtPuhf vd;W $wp kiwe;jhH.

,t;thW ,Uf;Fk; jUzj;jpy; rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH jhkpuguzp ejpf; fiuapy; jq;fp ,isg;ghwp Nahfj;jpy; Mo;e;jpUe;jhH.

jpUf;FU$hpy; cs;s ghftjHfs; jq;fs; ,iwtd; $wpa fUt+H rpj;jiu fhzNtz;Lk; vd;fpw Nguthtpy; midtUk; xd;W $b rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhiu Njbf; nfhz;L te;jdH. mtHfs; tUk; topapy; XH ,lj;jpy; rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH jtk; nra;J nfhz;bUg;gij ghHj;jdH. Nahfj;jhy; Vw;gl;l mtuJ nja;tPf xsp epiwe;j Njfj;ij jhprpj;J nka;kwe;J nra;tjwpahJ epd;wdH.

rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH jdJ jtj;ij Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L fz;fis jpwe;J ghHf;ifapy; gy;yhapuk; kf;fs;> jd;id nka;kwe;J jhprpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gij fz;L mtHfsplk; ‘mbahHfshfpa jhq;fs; vy;NyhUk; tuNtz;Lk; vd;W tuNtw;W mopahj nry;tkhfpa kd mikjpAk; Nguhde;jKk; cq;fsplk; epiwe;J ,Uf;fl;Lk; vd;W MrpHtjpj;jhH.

rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhpd; MrpHthjj;jhy; kdk; kfpo;e;j kf;fs; rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhhplk; IaNd ,iwtdpd; mtjhuNk jq;fspd; tUifia rhl;rhj; vk; ngUkhd; vq;fsJ fdtpy; Njhd;wp mwptpj;jhH jq;fspd; tUifahy; ehq;fs; ,iwtid fdtpy; fz;L gpwtpg; gaid mile;Njhk; jq;fspd; MrPHthjj;jhy; ,we;J gpwf;Fk; nfhba gpwtp Neha; ePq;fg; ngw;W Nguhde;j epiyahfpa Kf;jpAk; fpilf;fg; ngWNthk; vd;W kdKUfp epd;wdH.

NkYk; FUkfhNjth jhq;fs; vq;fsJ CUf;F vOe;jUsp mt;tplk; thOk; rfy [PtHfSk; Kf;jp mila mUs;Ghpa Ntz;Lk; vd Ntz;bf; nfhz;ldH. jpUf;FU$H kf;fspd; Mirg;gb mt;t+iu mile;J rpyfhyk; mq;F kf;fSf;F ey;YgNjrk; nra;J gy tpj ed;ikfis nra;jhH. mt;t+H kf;fspd; ghrj;jhYk; gf;jpahYk; cgrhpg;ghYk; kpfTk; kdk; kfpo;e;j rpj;jH =kj; fUt+uhH mt;t+H kf;fis xd;W jpul;b jhd; mt;t+iutpl;L tpil ngWtjhf $wp> jpUf;FU$H njUtpy; jphpAk; eha;fSk; RtHfk; ngw fltd vd MrPHtjpj;J jdJ jyahj;jpiuia Jtq;fpdhH. ,jd;%yk; ehk; mwptJ. rpj;jHfsplk; ehk; nfhz;bUf;Fk; gf;jpahYk; md;ghYk; ek;gpf;ifahYk; ekf;F kl;Lky;yhJ ek;ik rhHe;j rfy [PtHfSf;Fk; mtHfspd; kdg;g+Htkhd Mrp vg;NghJk; cz;L.

ngha;nad;W ve;E}iyr; nrhd;Ndhnuy;yhk;
Giyauha; utpNfhb eufpy; tPo;thH
nka;nad;W rj;jpakha;g; gzpe;NjhHf;nfy;yhk;
tpz;Zyfpy; guj;NjhNl Nktpg;NghthH
ca;ankd;w ey;NyhHfs; tho;e;jpUf;Fk;
ChpNy nahUehSk; jPq;nfhd;wpy;iy
irtnkd;w fphpifapNy ,Ue;Jnfhz;L
rkankD kPuhWe; js;spg;ghNu
ngha;nad;W ,e;j E}iyr; nrhy;gtHfs; Nfhb #hpa fhyj;jpw;F eufpy; GiyaHNghy; coy;thHfs;. nka;nad;W gzpe;J Nghd;WgtHfs; NkYyfpy; guk;nghUSld; ,ize;J tho;e;J ,d;gk; milthHfs;. ey;ytHfs; thOk; Chpy; xU ehSk; jPq;FtuhJ.

jphpfuz Rj;jp
kdk; : vz;zk; kdj;J}a;ik : kdj;Jf;fz; khrpyd; Mjy;
thf;F (thh;j;ij): thf;Fj;J}a;ik : tha;ikahy; fhzg;gLk;
fhak; (cly;) : cly;J}a;ik : ePuhy; mikAk;
ehk; midtUk; kdk;> thf;F> fhak; vd;fpw nghwpGyd;fshy; xt;nthU epkplKk; ghtq;fisr; nra;Jf; nfhz;L jhd; cs;Nshk; vt;thnwdpy;>

kdj;jhy;:
1) gy ngz;fs; Nky; Mirf; nfhs;Sjy;
2) kw;wth;fsJ clikfis jdjhf;fpf; nfhs;s - epidj;jy;
3) kw;wth;fSf;F jPq;F nra;a epidj;jy;
4) kw;wth;fisf; fz;L nghwhik miljy;

thf;fhy;:
1) ngha; nrhy;Yjy;
2) fyfk; nra;jy;
3) Gwk; NgRjy;
4) tPZf;F mOjy;

Njfj;jhy;:
1) gpwh; kidtpia jOTjy;
2) khkprk; cz;zy;
3) kw;wth;fis Jd;GWj;Jjy;
4) jPq;F nra;fpd;wth;fis jLf;fhky; mth;fSf;F cgfhuk; nra;jy;
kdj;jhy; nra;j ghtq;fSf;F jz;lid vJ vdpy;>
rz;lhs Njfk; tha;f;Fk; mq;faPdk;> mtyl;rzk; Nghd;w Njfk; mikAk;.
thf;fhy; nra;j ghtq;fSf;F:
kpUfk; Kjypa Njfk; tha;f;Fk;.
Njfj;jhy; nra;j ghtj;jpw;F:
kuk;> nrb> nfhb Nghd;w jhtu th;f;fkhf gpwe;J Jd;gg;gl NehpLk;.
Nkw;$wpa ghtq;fs; mwpe;Jk;> mwpahkYk; nra;J tpLNthk; ,tw;wpw;nfy;yhk; gpuhar; rpj;jk; ahJ vdpy;>

mwpe;J nra;j ghtq;fSf;F:
1) njhlh;e;J md;djhdk; nra;J nfhz;L te;jhy; njhpe;J nra;j ghtq;fs; ePq;Fk;.
2) jtk; tpujj;jhy; jdJ cliy ,isf;fr; nra;jhy;> ghtq;fs; tpyFk;.
3) kfhd;fis mZfp mth;fshy; nrhy;yf;$ba Ntiyfis kdk; Nfhzhky; nra;J te;jhy; ghtq;fs; tpyFk;.
4) jdf;F gpbj;j (,~;l nja;tj;ij epidj;J) jhd; nra;j ghtq;fis Cd;wp cUfp mOJ njhOJ Kiwapl;L te;jhy; ghtq;fs; tpyFk;.


mwpahky; nra;j ghtq;fs;:
jpdk; jpdk; nra;af;$ba topghL kw;Wk; ghuhazk; nra;tjhy; ghtq;fs; tpyFk;. ,itnay;yhk; ts;sy; ngUkhd; ngUq; fUizapdhy; fhl;lg;gl;l topfs;. rpj;jh;fshy; ekf;F nfhLf;fg;gl;l ght tpNkhrd ke;jpuk; ahJ vdpy;>
Xk; vth vth yq; kq; rjk;ga rjk;ga
rptha ek mq; cq; rpq; fpyPk; ]Pk; xsTk;
rfy rhgq;fs; rfy ghtq;fs; rfy Njh~q;fs;
erp krp tq; rpq; ck;gL Rth`h:
vd;W rjhfhyk; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L te;jhy; rhgq;fs; ghtq;fs; Njh~q;fs; midj;Jk; tpyFk;.

jpUg;GilkUJ}hpy; rw;FU rpj;jh;
=kj; fUT+uhhpd; rpj;J Mw;wy
jpUg;GilkUJ}hpy; vOe;jUsp cs;s rptngUkhid jhprpf;f vz;zpa fUT+uhh; jhkpuguzp ejpia xl;ba kUj kur;Nrhiyapy; mike;jpUf;Fk; jpUg;GilkUJ}h; te;jile;jhh;. me;ehspy; jhkpuguzp Mw;wpy; nts;sk; ngUf;nfLj;J XbaJ.

=kj; fUT+uhh; fiuapy; epd;W nfhz;L mf;fiuia flf;Fk; cghak; VjhtJ fpilf;fpwjh vd;W Nahrpj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhh;. vt;tifapyhtJ < ];tuid jhprpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Mty; NkNyhq;fpAs;sJ. kUjkuj;jpy; G+j;Jf;FYq;Fk; G+f;fspd; eWkzNkh mt;tplk; fl;lhak; nry;yNtz;Lk; vd;w Mtiy J}z;LfpwJ. mt;tplk; cs;s < ];tudpd; ehkKk; njhpahJ. Nfl;L njhpe;Jf; nfhs;tjw;Fk; mq;F xUtUk; ,y;iy. ,t;thW nra;tJ mwpahJ epd;W nfhz;L ,Uf;Fk; jUthapy; mt;,iwtDf;F jhNd jpUehkk; #l;b eWkzKila G+Q;Nrhiyf;Fs; tPw;wpUf;Fk; vd; jiyth ,iwth vd;W nghUs;gl ‘ehUk;G+ehjh’ vd;W ngah; #l;b miof;fpwhh;. mjd;gpd; < rid epidj;J NtjidAld; < rNd

1. rpuR ghfkhf ky;ypfhh;r;Rdk; vd;w =iryj;jpy; ck;ik jhprpj;J tuk; ngw;Nwd;
2. cly; ghfkhf kj;jpahh;r;Rdk; vd;w jpUtpilkUJ}hpy; ck;ik jhprpj;J ngUk; ghf;fpak; MNdd;. Mdhy; ckJ
3. jpUtb ghfkhf Glhh;r;Rdk; vd;w jpUg;GilkUJ}hpy; ck;ik jhprpf;f KbahJ Mw;W nts;sk; vk;ik jLg;gJ VNdh? vd Ntz;Lfpwhh;.

‘ehUk; G+ ehjh eyk; jUthNah’ vd;W ghLfpwhh; kW fiuapy; tPw;wpUf;Fk; ,iwtdpd; nrtpapy; =kj; fUT+uhhpd; mKj fhdk; tpOfpwJ.

jkJ gf;jh; fUT+uhh; jk;ik Jjpj;J ghLfpwhh; vd;gij czh;e;j ,iwtd; me;j Fuypd; ,dpikapy; kaq;fp jdJ ypq;f ];t&gj;ij fUT+uhh; epw;Fk; ,lg;gf;fkhf rha;e;J mg;ghliy urpj;J kfpo;fpwhh;. mrhphPahf fUT+uhhplk; fUT+uhNu ckJ Njd; rpe;Jk; ghlypd; ,dpikapy; vk;ik kwe;Njhk;. ePh; vk;ik jhprpf;f jilahf ,Uf;Fk; jhkpuguzpapd; nts;sj;ijf; flf;f cghak; nrhy;fpNwd; Nfs;> ‘Xk; IAk; fpypAk; nrsTk; wPAk; =Ak; ekrptha Mw;W nts;sk; jk;gdha Rthfh’ vd;fpw jk;gz ke;jpuj;ij kdjpy; cr;rhpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl Mw;wpd; nts;sj;jpy; ,wq;fp ele;J tuTk; Mdhy; gpd;gf;fkhf kl;Lk; jpUk;gp ghh;f;ff;$lhJ NeuhfNt ghh;j;J ele;J Mw;iw flf;fTk; vd;W f&T+uhUf;F Mw;iw fle;J tu fl;lis ,Lfpwhh; < rd;.

< ];tudpd; fl;lisg;gb =kj; f&T+uhh; gpd;Gwk; jpUk;ghky; Neh;ghh;itAld; Mw;wpy; ,wq;fp elf;f fl;Lf;flq;fhky; XLk; jhkpuguzpapd; nts;sk; rw;W epd;W =kj; f&T+uhh; Mw;iwf;flf;f toptpLfpwJ.

mt;thW Mw;iwf; fle;j =kj; f&T+uhh; jpUj;jyj;jpd; tlf;F thry; topahf Myaj;jpd; cs;Ns nrd;W %ytiu mUs;jUk; ehUk; G+ehjiu jhprpf;fpwhh;. =kj; f&T+uhhpd; ghliy Nfl;gjw;fhf tlghfk; rha;e;J epd;w %yth; mNj epiyapy; ,Uf;fpwhh;. mq;F rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhUf;F ,iwtd; mk;ghSld; fhl;rpf; nfhLj;J f&T+uhNu ckJ gf;jpf;F nkr;rpNdhk;. ckf;F vd;d tuk; Ntz;Lk; Nfs; vd;W tpdt> vk; ,iwth epfhpy;yh ehafNd ckJ jpUf;fhl;rp vdJ kdjpy; epiyj;jpUg;gij jtpu vkf;F vd;d tuk; Ntz;Lk;> jq;fis jhprpj;jhNy vkJ gpwtp Neha; vd;fpw ,we;J gpwf;Fk; epiy xope;jJ.

Mdhy; xU Mty; jhq;fs; vkf;fhf jq;fsJ ‘jpUTUtj;ij tlghfkhf rha;j;jPh;fs; mNj epiyapy; vd; ehSk; ,t;tplk; tPw;wpUe;J ck;ik ehbtUk; gf;jh;fSf;F mUs;ghypj;jy; Ntz;Lk; vd;W jdJ Mtiy =kj; f&T+uhh; ntspg;gLj;j ‘mt;tz;zNk Mfl;Lk; ckJ tpUg;gg;gbNa ahk; tlghfkhf rha;e;J fhl;rp jUfpNwhk;’ vd;W $wp kiwe;jhh; < rd;. ,d;Wk; jpUg;GilkUJ}hpy; vk;ngUkhd; tlghfkhf rha;e;j epiyapy; gf;jh;fSf;F mUs; Ghpe;J tUfpwhh;.

NkYk; =kj;f&T+uhh; jhkpuguzp Mw;wq;fiuapy; epd;W ,iwtid epidj;J ghba ,lj;jpy; cs;s gbj;Jiwf;F ‘rpj;jh; f&T+uhh; gbj;Jiw’ vd;w ngah; toq;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. mJkl;Lky;y =kj;f&T+uhh; Myaj;jpd; cs;Ns Eioe;j tlf;F thrYf;F ‘rpj;jh; f&T+uhh; thry;’ vd;W miof;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. NkYk; Myaj;jpd; cs;Ns =kj; f&T+uhhpd; epidthf mtuJ ‘jpUTUt rpw;gk;’ rpwg;ghf guhkhpf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. tpahod; kw;Wk; ngsh;zkp NjhWk; jpUtpsf;F G+i[ rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhUf;F eilngw;W tUfpwJ.

rw;FU rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; ney;iyag;gUf;F rhg epth;j;jp nra;jJ.
jpUg;GilkUJ}hpy; ehUk;G+ ehjiu jhprpj;J gpd;dh; jpUney;Ntypapy; ney;iyag;gh; Myaj;jpy; Fbnfhz;L cs;s ney;iyag;giuAk; fhe;jpkjp mk;ghisAk; jhprpf;f vz;zp jpUney;Ntyp te;jile;jhh;. rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; rptidAk; mk;ghisAk; epidj;J ghLfpwhh;. ntFNeuk; MfpAk; rptDk; mk;ghSk; fhl;rp nfhLf;fhjjhy; ,iwtd; kPJ Nfhgk; nfhz;L ‘,iwtd; Fb nfhz;L ,y;yhj ,j;jyk;, ,dp tsk; Fiwe;J vUf;fd; nrbfSk; Gy;Yk;, Kl;Gjh;fSk; Kisj;J ,t;thyak; ghohfl;Lk;’ vd;W rhgkpl;L gpwF jdJ ahj;jpiuia khD}h; Nehf;fp njhlq;fpdhh;. khD}iu mile;J mq;F Mo;e;j jtj;jpy; mkh;e;jhh;. clNd ney;iyag;gh; Nfhtpiyr; Rw;wp vUf;fd;nrbfSk; Kl;GjUk; Kisj;J ahUk; Nfhtpy; cs;Ns nry;y Kbahj msTf;F Nfhtpiy Rw;wp kiwj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wd. mJfz;L rptdbahh;fSk; mh;rrfh;fSk; vt;tsT Kaw;rp nra;J Rj;jg;gLj;jpAk; jpUk;gj; jpUk;g Kisj;J vt;tifapYk; mopf;fKbahj msTf;F tsuj; njhlq;fpd. ,jdhy; rptdbahh;fs; kw;Wk; mh;r;rfh;fs; kd NtjidAld; VNjh nja;tFw;wk; Neh;e;Jtpl;lJ. mjdhy; jhd; Nfhtpy; cs;Ns ahUk; EioaKbahj msTf;F vUf;Fk;, Kl;Gjh;fSk; jLf;fpwJ vd;W vz;zp rptdplj;Nj Kiwaplyhapdh;. md;W ,uT rptngUkhd; mbahh;fs; fdtpYk; mh;rrfh;fspd; fdtpYk; Njhd;wp jtj;jpy; rpwe;jtUk; mbahh;fspy; jiytDkhd rpj;jh; f&T+uhh; vk;ik jhprpf;f ,q;F te;J ,Ue;jNghJ mtUila ngUikia ,t;Tyfpw;F czh;j;jNt mtUf;F ahk; fhl;rp nfhLf;fhJ ,Ue;Jtpl;Nlhk;. mjdhy; Nfhgk; nfhz;l mth; vk;ikAk; ,t;T+h; jyj;ijAk; rgpj;Jtpl;lhh;. ,j;jifa rhgk; epth;j;jp Mf Ntz;Lk; vd;why; rpj;jh;fspy; rpwe;jtUk;, vkf;F epfuhf mUe;jtj;jtUk; khngUk; rpj;jp ty;ygk; ngw;wtUkhd rpj;jh; f&T+uhiu jhprpj;J ey;yhrp ngw;W ney;iyag;gh; Nfhtpy; kPJk; ney;iyag;gh; kPJk; cs;s Nfhgk; ePq;fp rhgepth;j;jp nra;jUSk;gb mtiu ney;iyag;gh; NfhtpYf;F jf;f khpahijAlDk;; gf;jpAlDk; mioj;J thUq;fs; vd;W fl;lisapl mbahh;fSk,; nghJkf;fSk,; mh;r;rfh;fSk xd;whf Nrh;e;J ngUk;jpushf thj;jpa ,irf;fUtpfSld; nrd;W rw;FU rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhiu re;jpj;J ,iwtd; rptngUkhd; vq;fs; fdtpy; Njhd;wp jq;fis ney;iyag;gh; NfhtpYf;F mioj;Jte;J rhgepth;j;jp nra;jUSk;gb fl;lisapl;lij $wp miof;fpwhh;fs;. Nfhgk; jzpahj rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhUf;Fk; gf;jh;fs; mbahh;fs; midtUf;Fk; fhl;rp nfhLf;fpwhh;. me;j Neuk; Kg;gj;J Kf;Nfhb Njth;fSk; xd;gJ Nfhb QhdpfSk; G+khhp nghope;J kfpo;fpwhh;fs;.

mJrkak; ngUkfpo;r;rp mile;j rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; ,iwtid Nehf;fp vd; jiyth NjthjpNjth jpUney;Ntypapy; vd; miog;ig Vw;fhjJ VNdh vd;W Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpwhh;. mjw;F ney;iyag;gh; rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhiu Nehf;fp vdf;F ,dpa gf;jh ckf;F fhl;rp nfhLf;fhj fhuzj;jhy; ePh; vkJ Myaj;ij ckJ jt typikahYk; Nfhgj;jhYk; rgpj;jPh;. ePh; vkf;F epfuhdth; vd;gijAk; vdf;F chpa midj;J khpahijfisAk; ckf;Fk; ,e;j cyfk; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjhy; ahk; ,j;jpUtpisahliy elj;jpNdhk;. rpj;jh; f&T+uhh; vdg;ngah; ngw;w NjthjpNjth ePh; vkf;fspj;j rhgepth;j;jp nra; vd;W Nfl;Lf; nfhs;s rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; ,iwtid ghh;j;J %y ehspy; jq;fSf;F eilngWk; tpohtpd; NghJ jhq;fs; jtwhJ vOe;jUsp vdf;Fk; gf;jh;fSf;Fk; fhl;rp nfhLj;J mUs;Ghpa Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwhdhy; rhgepth;j;jpahFk; vd;W $Wfpwhh;. mt;thNw Mfl;Lk; ePh; jpUney;Ntyp te;J mt;tplk; ahk; Fbnfhz;L kf;fSf;F mUs;GhpfpNwhk; vd;gij czh;j;j ePh; jpUney;Ntyp vk; jyj;jpw;F tUk; tiu ePh; vLj;J itf;Fk; xt;nthU mbf;Fk; xU nghw;fhR nfhLg;Nghk;. clNd Gwg;gl;L tuTk; vd;W fl;lis ,Lfpwhh;.

ney;iyag;gh; tpUg;gg;gb khD}hpy; ,Ue;J rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhiu kf;fSk; gf;jh;fSk; mbahh;fSk; mh;r;rfh;fSk; ngUe;jpushf $b thj;jpa ,irAld; rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhiu jpUney;Ntyp ney;iyag;gh; NfhtpYf;F mioj;J tUfpwhh;fs;. ney;iyag;gh; Nfhtpiy mile;j rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; vkJ rhgj;jhy; ,t;tplk; Kisj;Js;s vUf;fDk; Gy;Yk;, Kl;GjUk; kiwal;Lk; kPz;Lk; Myak; vopy; ngwl;Lk; vd;W rhg epth;j;jp nra;J Kk; %h;j;jpfspy; jiytDk; vd; kdjpy; vd;Wk; ePq;fh ,lk; ngw;wtUkhd rptngUkhDk; ghh;tjp NjtpAk; ,q;F cs;s ney;iyag;gh;;. jpUj;jyj;jpy; ve;ehSk; tPw;wpUe;J mUs; GhpAk; ,t;T+h; Nkd;NkYk; rpwe;J tpsq;fl;Lk;. J}a kdJilath;fshd ,;t;T+hpy; thOk; kf;fs; rPUk;rpwg;NghLk; tho;thh;fs; vd;W ey;yhrp $wpdhh;fs;. ,ijf;Nfl;l jpUney;Ntypapy; thOk; kf;fs; kpfTk; kdk; kfpo;e;J rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhplk; ‘vq;fs; FUNjth’ jhq;fs; ,t;tplk; vk;ngUkhid vOe;jUsr; nra;j mw;Gjj;jhy; ehq;fs; midtUk; vk;ngUkhid mk;ghSld; jhprpj;J Gz;zpah;fshNdhk;. vq;fs; midtUf;Fk; FUthf ,Ue;J ey;YgNjrk; nra;J topelj;Jq;fs; vd;W tpz;zg;gpj;J rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhpd; jpUtbia Nghw;wp epd;whh;. (Mjhuk;: ney;iyag;gh; jyg;Guhzk;)

rpj;jh; =kj;f&T+uhh; rpjk;guk; eluh[h; tpf;fpufj;ij cUthf;fpa tuyhW:
NjtNyhf Njt jr;rUk; < lhf Kbahj msTf;F rpw;g rh];jpuj;jpy; ngUik tha;e;j rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; Kjd;Kjypy; rptDf;F eluh[h; tbtj;jpy; rpiy tbj;Jf; nfhLj;j ngUik rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhiuNa NrUk;.

Nrhokd;dh;fspy; xUth; jd;kdf;fz;zhy; jhprpj;j rptjhz;ltj;ij Rj;jj;jq;fj;jhy; tpf;ufkhf thh;j;J topgl vz;zpdhh;. me;j Mir epiwNtw Njh;r;rp ngw;w nghw;f;nfhy;yh;fis mioj;J Mapuk; Nrh; gj;jiu khw;W jq;fj;ij nfhLj;J vd; caphpDk; Nkyhd rptngUkhid jhz;ltf;Nfhyj;jpy; rpiyahf tbj;Jf; nfhLq;fs;. mjpy; ve;jtpj fyg;glKk; ,Uf;ff;$lhJ. fyg;glk; vd;W njhpe;jhy; cq;fis rpur;Nrjk; nra;J tpLNthk;. kuz jz;lidf;F cs;shtPh;fs;. rpiyia nra;J Kbf;f ,ltrjpiaAk; fhyf;nfLTk; mth;fis fz;fhzpf;f ghJfhtyh;fisAk; epakpj;jhd;. rpw;gpfs; murdpd; fl;lisia epiwNtw;w jq;fsJ Ntiyia Jtq;fpdh;. Kjypy; Gw;Wkz; mj;Jld; Njq;fha; rzy;> Gspae;Njhy; Nghd;wtw;iw Nrh;j;J miuj;J nkOfhy; nra;ag;gl;l eluh[h; cUtj;jpd; Nky;G+rp gpd;G mij neUg;gpypl;L Rl;L vLj;J tpf;ufk; thh;f;f kz; mr;R jahhpj;jdh;. gpd;G murdhy; nfhLf;fg;gl;l Rj;jj; jq;fj;ij cUf;fp thh;j;J Mwpagpd; mr;R fiyj;J ghh;f;f tpf;fpufk;; mofw;W tYtpd;wp cUf;Fiye;J NghfpwJ. vj;jid jlit Kad;Wk; tpf;fpufk; xOq;fhf tuhjJ fz;L nghw;nfhy;yh;fs; jpifj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. murd; nfhLj;j fhyf;nfLTk; KbAk; jUthapy; cs;sJ.

nghw;f;nfhy;yh;fs; midtUk; rptid epidj;J ck;ik jq;fj;jhy; tbj;J nfhLf;Fk; ghf;fpaj;ij vq;fSf;F nfhLq;fs;. vj;jid jlit Kad;Wk; rpiy cUg;ngwhjjw;F fhuzk; vd;d vq;fsJ gzp rpwg;ghf Kba mUs;Ghpa Ntz;LfpNwhk; vd;W rptngUkhid epidj;J Ntz;Lfpwhh;fs;. md;W ,uT xU rpw;gpapd; fdtpy; Njhd;wpa rptngUkhd; ‘ehis khiy xU rd;dpahrp cq;fsplk; te;J cq;fsJ vjph;ghh;g;ig Kbj;J jUthh;’ vd;W $wp kiwfpwhh;. mNj Neuj;jpy; ,iwtd; jpU%yhpd; Kd;Njhd;wp rpjk;guj;jpy; rpw;gpfs; gLk; Ntjidia njhptpj;J vkJ jpUTUtk; rpwg;ghf mika ePH;r; rpw;gpfSf;F cjt Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wpdhh;.

rptngUkhdpd; fl;lisg;gb jdJ rPlh;fspy; xUtuhd =kj; f&Tuhiu Nehf;fp ‘jk;gd rpj;jpYk;’ rpw;g rh];jpuj;jpYk; kpf rpwe;J tpsq;Fk; f&T+uhNu jhq;fs; rpjk;guk; nrd;W rpw;gpfspd; kdf;Fiwia Nghf;fp ey;ynjhU eluh[d; rpiyia thh;j;J nfhLj;J tpl;L tuTk; vd;W md;Gld; fl;lis ,Lfpwhh;.

jpU%yhpd; fl;lisg;gb rpj;jh; =kj;f&T+uhh; rpw;gpfSf;F cjtpl rd;dpahrp Ntlk; G+z;L rpw;gf;$lk; nrd;W rpw;gpfis re;jpf;fpwhh;. me;j Neuk; fdT fz;l rpw;gp mq;fpUe;J ‘X’ ,th;jhd; ekf;F ,iwtd; fdtpy; $wpa rd;dpahrpahf ,Uf;FNkh? vd;W vz;zp =kj; f&T+uhhplk; te;J mth; ghjk; gzpe;J mthplk; FUkfhNjth New;W ,uT ,iwtd; vdJ fdtpy; Njhd;wp jq;fsJ tUifia mwptpj;J cq;fsplk; vkJ Fiwia $wp epth;j;jp fhz mwpTWj;jpdhh; vd;whh;.

ey;yJ> jq;fsJ Fiwjhd; vd;d? vd;W rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; Nfl;f ele;jtw;iw FUNjth murdpd; fl;lisg;gb ehq;fs; vj;jid jlit jq;fj;ij cUf;fp mr;rpy; thh;j;jhYk; rpiy tYtpoe;J %spAk; nkhf;ifAkhf tUfpwJ. murd; nfhLj;j fhyf; nfLTk; Kbag;NghfpwJ. murdpd; fl;lisia epiwNtw;whJ Nghdhy; vq;fSf;F tug;NghFk; kuzj;jz;lidia Vw;f Ntz;Lk; vd;fpw gak; vd;d nra;tJ jhq;fs; vq;fs; kPJ ,uf;fk; fhl;b ,jw;F xU jPh;T fhz Ntz;Lk;’ vd;W gzpNthL rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhpd; ghjq;fspy; tpOe;J Ntz;b epd;wdh;. clNd rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; Kjypy; jq;fj;ij cUf;Fq;fs; vd;W $wp jhNd mr;R jahhpj;J rpw;gpfs; jq;fj;ij cUf;fpaJk; rpj;jh; =kj;f&T+uhh; jhd; nfhz;L te;j fe;jfr; nrk;G vd;Dk; kUe;ij xU fhR vil me;j jq;ff; Fok;gpy; ,l;L fyf;fpdhh;. ,dp jq;fj;ij mr;rpy; thh;j;jpLq;fs; vd;whh;. gpd;dh; jq;ff; Fok;G mr;rpy; thh;f;fg;gl;L mjd; #L Mwpa gpd; kz;iz tpyf;fp rpiyia Rj;jk; nra;J vLj;J ghJfhg;ghf epWj;jpa rpw;gpfs; rpiyapd; mofpy; nka; kwe;J kaq;fp rpj;jh; =kj;f&T+uhiu Nehf;fp FU kfhNjth jq;fSf;F epfuhf rpw;g rh];jpuk; mwpe;Njhh; cz;Nlh> jhq;fs; vq;fSf;F nra;j cjtpia vd;Wk; kwf;fkhl;Nlhk; vd;W $wp jq;fSld; jq;fp murdplk; rpiyia fhl;b ehq;fs; ntFkjp thq;fpf; nfhs;Sk;tiu jq;fSld; jq;Fk;gb Ntz;bf; nfhs;fpd;wdh;. kWehs; murdpd; nfLKba murd; eluh[h; rpiyia fhz NguhtYld; te;J rpw;gpfNs vdJ ,iwtd; eluh[dpd; tpf;ufk; jahuhfptpl;ljh? vd;W Nfl;f ‘muNr jq;fsJ Miria G+h;j;jp nra;a New;Nw =eluh[h; tpf;fpufj;ij jahh; epiyapy; itj;Js;Nshk;’ thUq;fs; vd;W murdplk; rpiyia fhz;gpf;fpd;wdh;. jdJ kdf;fz;zpy; Njhd;wpa ,iwtd; =eluh[h; rpiyiaf; fz;L mjd; mofpy; kaq;fp murd; Nguhde;jk; milfpwhd;. rpw;gpfis Gfo eh tuhJ jLkhWfpwhd;. mtdJ fdT epidthfp tpl;l ngUkpjk; rpwpJNeuk; fopj;J ke;jphp, murhq;f nghw;f;nfhy;yiu mioj;J ,r;rpiyapy; fyg;glk; VNjDk; nra;Js;sduh vd;W Nrhjpj;J $Wk;gb fl;lis ,Lfpwhd;. rpiyia Nrhjpj;j nghw;f;nfhy;yh; ke;jphpaplk,; ,uh[ke;jphpahNu ,e;j tpf;ufj;jpy; jq;fk; rpwpjsTk; ,y;iy ,ij ghh;f;Fk;NghJ jq;fk;Nghy; Njhd;WfpwJ. Mdhy; jpuhtfk; Cw;wpg;ghh;j;jhy; nrk;ghf ,Uf;fpwJ. Mf jq;fshy; nfhLf;fg;gl;l gj;jiu khw;W jq;fj;jhy; nra;ag;gltpy;iy. nrk;ghNyNa rpiy thh;f;fg;gl;L cs;sJ vd;W jq;fsJ Nrhjid Kbit njhptpf;f rpdk; nfhz;l ke;jphp rpiy thh;j;j rpw;gpfis ghh;j;J rpw;gpfNs Vd; ,t;thW nrk;ghy; rpiy nra;jPh;fs;. murid Vkhw;w epidj;j cq;fs; midtUf;Fk; kuz jz;lid tpjpf;fpNwd; rpw;gpfis ,Oj;Jr; nry;Yq;fs; vd;W fhty;fhuh;fsplk; ke;jphpahh; fl;lis ,Lfpwhh;. ,jid murdplKk; njhptpj;J tpLfpwhh; ke;jphp.

murdpd; Nfhgj;jpw;F gae;J eLq;fpa rpw;gpfs; muNr ehq;fs; ,r;rpw;gj;ij thh;f;ftpy;iy. ,e;j rd;dpahrp jq;fj;ij cUf;Fk;gb nrhy;yp mjpy; VNjh xU rpl;bif kUe;ij njspj;jhh;. mjd;gpwF vq;fSf;F xd;Wk; njhpahJ rpiy tbj;jJ mth;jhd; vd;Wk; jq;fis kd;dpj;J tpLq;fs; vd;W murdplk; fhypy; tpOe;J kd;whbdh;. clNd murd; rd;dpahrp Ntlj;jpy; ,Ue;j rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhiu rpiwapy; milf;Fk;gb fl;lis ,Lfpwhd;. rpjk;guj;jpy; elg;gtw;iw Qhd jpU~;bahy; ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;L =kj; jpU%yehjh; thd;khh;f;fkhf rpjk;guk; te;jile;J Nrhokd;did re;jpj;J Nrho kfhuh[h vkJ rPliu jhq;fs; rpiwgpbj;J itj;Js;sij mwpe;Njhk;. mtiu rpiwgpbf;f fhuzk; ahJ vd;W Nfl;f te;jpUg;gJ =kj; jpU%yehjh; vd;W mwpahj Nrhod; ehd; rpiy nra;a nfhLj;j jq;fj;ij kha ke;jpuk; nra;J ckJ rPluhd me;j rd;dpahrp jq;fj;ij mgfhpj;Jf; nfhz;L nrk;ghy; rpiy thh;j;Js;shh;. ehd; nfhLj;j jq;fj;ij jpUk;g nfhLj;Jtpl;L ckJ rPliu mioj;J nry;yyhk; vd;whd;.

mg;gbNa Mfl;Lk; Kjypy; vdf;F xU epiwnts;spia nfhLq;fs; ckf;F cz;ikia Ghpa itf;fpNwd; vd;W =kj; jpU%yh; Nfl;f mjd;gb mthplk; nts;spia nfhLf;f mtw;iw murd; Kd;Nd itj;J cUf;fr; nrhy;yp mtw;wpy; jhd; nfhz;L te;jpUe;j nfe;jfr; nrk;G vd;Dk; mw;Gj kUe;ij J}Tfpwhh;. kW fzNk nts;sp vy;yhk; jq;fkhfpwJ. mijf; fz;L murd; tpaf;f muNr vdJ rPld; rhjhuz rd;dpahrp fpilahJ. Njhw;wj;jpy; vspatuhf njhpAk; FNguidAk; kpQ;Rk; msTf;F nry;tk; cs;sth;. ePh; nfhLj;j jq;fj;ij mgfhpf;f mth; ,q;F tutpy;iy. ckJ tpUg;gg;gb Rj;jj; jq;fj;jhy; tpf;ufk; nra;J mJ gyuhy; ftug;gLk; vdNtjhd; Ntij mwpthy; mtw;iw jq;fr;nrk;ghf khw;wp itj;Js;shh;. Mf eluh[d; tpf;fpufk; nrk;G Nghy; Njhd;Wk; jq;fNk Ghpe;J nfhs; vd;whh;. ckf;F vt;tsT jq;fk; Ntz;Lk; Nfs; vdJ rPld; f&T+uhiu jur; nrhy;fpNwd; vd;whh;.

,dpAk; ckJ mwpahikahy; rd;dpahrpfis cdJ epiyap;y; epidf;fhNj mth;fis < rDf;F epfuhf Nghw;wp gzptpil nra;J ey;yhrp ngW vd;W murDf;F mwpTiu $Wfpwhh;. =kj; jpU%yh;. ,tw;iw fz;l Nrhod; jd; Kd; epw;gth;fs; rhjhuz kdpjh;fs; my;y vd;gij czh;e;J KdptNu vd;id kd;dpj;J jhq;fSk; vd;dhy; rpiwgpbf;fg;gl;ltUk; ahh; vd;W $Wq;fs; vd;W Nfl;f Nrho kd;dh ahk; rpj;jh; jpU%yehjh;. ePh; rpiwg; gpbj;j itj;jpUg;gJ vkf;F ,iwtd; fl;lisg;gb ahk; ,t;tplk; eluh[h; tpf;fpufk; nra;a vk;khy; mDg;gg;gl;l rPlh; rpj;jh; f&T+uhh;. murDk; =kj; jpU%yUk; rpiw miwf;Fs; nrd;W ghh;f;f mq;F rpj;jh; =kj;f&T+uhiu fhztpy;iy. mth; m&gf;Fspif G+z;L ahh; fz;fSf;Fk; njhpahjtz;zk; jd;id kiwj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Ue;jhh;. jpU%yehjhpd; Ntz;LNfhSf;fpzq;f rpj;jh; =kj;f&T+uhh; m&gf;Fspifia tpLj;J midtUf;Fk; fhl;rpf; nfhLj;jhh;.

Nrho kd;dd; jq;fs; ngUik mwpahJ nra;J tpl;l jtWf;fhf kdk; tUe;jp fhypy; tpOe;J kd;whbdhh;. Nrho kfhuh[Nd eP ,iwj; njhz;L nra;a Kad;wjhy; ePh; =Ntjhe;j &gkhdtd;. jw;NghJ ele;j jpUtpisahlyhy; ghpG+uzj;jpy; cdJ kdij epiyepWj;jp ,iwtbtha; tho;tha; vd;W Mrp $wp jq;fs; ,Ug;gplk; Nehf;fp ffdFspif %ykhf rpj;jh; =kj; jpU%yehjUk; rpj;jh; =kj;f&T+uhUk; nrd;W Nrh;e;jdh;. rpj;jh; =kj;f&T+uhuhy; tbf;fg;gl;l rpiy jhd; ,d;Wk; rpjk;guk; eluh[h; Nfhapypy; cs;s %yth;.

jQ;irapy; rptngUkhid vOe;jUs nra;jy;
rptngUkhd; kPJ nfhz;Ls;s gf;jpahy; rptDf;F cyfk; Nghw;Wk; gbahd fiyeak; kpf;f rpt Myaj;ij jQ;irapy; fl;b jpUg;gzp Kbe;jJk; mt;thyaj;jpw;F Fk;ghgpN~fk; nra;tjw;fhf ed;dhs; Fwpj;jhd; ,uh[,uh[ Nrhod;. mg;ngUk; tpohtpw; fye;J nfhs;tjw;fhf jdJ ehl;L kf;fisAk; Nguurh;fisAk; kw;Wk; rpw;wurh;fisAk;> may;ehl;L kd;dh;fisAk;> jtKdpth;fisAk; mbahh;fisAk; mioj;J tpohthdJ Nfhyhfykhf eilngw;W te;jJ. tpohtpy; fye;J nfhz;l mj;jid Ngh;fSf;Fk; rpwg;G tuNtw;G mspf;fg;gl;lJ. filrpahf rptypq;fj;ij gpujp~;il nra;Ak; Neuk; te;jTld; rptypq;fj;ij epiyepWj;jp m~;lge;jd kUe;J rhw;Wk;NghJ kUe;J ge;jdk; Mfhky; jsh;e;J nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jJ. vt;tsT Kaw;rp nra;Jk; rptypq;fj;ij epiyepWj;j Kbahky; kd;dh; cs;spl;l midtUk; kdk; tUe;jpdh;.

murd; ,iwtdplk; mq;fpq;nfdhjgb vq;Fk; ePf;fkw epiwe;J ,Uf;Fk; vd; Mz;ltNd ,iwth mbahh;fs; vz;zpagbNa mgak; mspf;Fk; vd; rptngUkhNd ,e;j rpwpNad; MtNyhL fl;ba rpthyaj;jpy; jhq;fs; vOe;jUshjJ VNdh vd;W fz;zPh; ky;f ,iwtdplk; kd;whbdhd;. me;j Neuj;jpy; midtUf;Fk; Nfl;Fk;gb mrhphPahf ‘rpj;jh; f&T+uhh; te;jhy; ge;jdk; MFk;’ ahk; ,t;tplk; vOe;jUs;Nthk; vd;whh; rptngUkhd;.

,j;jifa mrhphPia Nfl;l kd;dDk; kw;Wk; cs;s midtUk; tpae;J kdk; kfpo;e;J rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhiu vq;Nf Ngha; NjLtJ? vt;thW miog;gJ? vd;W midtUk; jtpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jdh;. mg;NghJ jQ;ir nghpa Nfhapy; Fk;ghgpN~fj;ij fhz =kj; Nghfehjh; m&g Fspif %ykhf jd;id ahh; fz;fSf;Fk; fhl;bf; nfhs;shky; mq;F elg;gtw;iwnay;yhk; ftdpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhh;. ,iwtdpd; mrhphPia Nfl;l =kj; Nghfehjh; ‘f&T+uhNu clNd Gwg;gl;L jQ;irf;F tuTk;’ vd;W xU Xiyapy; vOjp jdJ rpj;J Mw;wyhy; xU G+j fzj;ij fhf;if cUntLf;fr; nra;J mjd; fhypy; me;j Xiyia fl;b rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhplk; mDg;Gfpwhh;.

mJ rkak; nghjpif kiyapy; =kj; mf];jpahplk; cgNjrk; ngw;W jtj;jpy; Mo;e;jpUe;j =kj; f&T+uhhplk; nrd;W fhfk; fh fh vd;W fiue;jJ. rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; jtk; fiye;J fz; jpwe;J ghh;j;jNghJ xU mofpa fhfk; mtiu Rw;wp te;J md;NghL mthplj;jpy; mkh;e;jJ. mf;fhfj;ij md;NghL jltpf; nfhLj;j rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; mf;fhfj;jpd; fhypy; fl;lg;gl;bUe;j Xiyia vLj;J ghh;f;fpd;wNghJ mJ jdJ FUehjd; NghfUila fl;lis vd;W njhpe;J clNd thd;khh;f;fkhf (ffdFspif %yk;) jQ;iria te;jile;jhh;.

jQ;ir nghpa Nfhtpypy; jd;id vjph;ghh;j;J khngUk; $l;lk; fhj;jpUg;gij ghh;j;J mg;NghJ m&gf;Fspifia tpLj;J &gj;NjhL midth; fz;fSf;Fk; gLk;gbahf jd;id khw;wpf; nfhz;l f&T+uhhpd; FUehjd; =kj; Nghfehjh; rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhplk; ‘vd; kfNd vd; fz;kzpNa f&T+uh cd;id vjph;ghh;;j;J ,t;tsT Neuk; midtUk; jtpj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Ue;Njhk;. ,iwtdpd; tpUg;gg;gb Nahfj;jpYk;> jk;gdj;jpYk; kpfr;rpwe;J tpsq;Fk; ePh; kl;LNk ,e;j rptypq;fj;ij gpujp~;il nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ ,iwtdpd; fl;lis. vdNt tpiue;J nray;gl;L me;j mw;Gjr; nraiy nra;JKb vd md;ghf rpj;jh; f&T+uhhplk; =kj; Nghfehjh; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpwhh;.

mq;fpUe;j uh[uh[ NrhoDk; rptdbahh;fSk; murngUkf;fSk;> Fbkf;fSk; =kj; Nghfhpd; Ntz;LNfhis Mjhpf;Fk; tifapy; rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhplk; vq;fs; tpUg;gj;ij epiwNtw;w Mz;ltdpd; rk;kjj;Jld; ,q;Nf vOe;jUspa ‘FUkfhNjth’ cyf kf;fs; mddtUk; mUs;eyk; ngUk;tifapy; vk;ngUkhd; rpt ngUkhid ,j;jpUj;jyj;jpy; jia $h;e;J vOe;jUsr; nra;Aq;fs; vd;W kpfg; gzpNthL fz;zPh;ky;f rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhpd; ghjq;fspy; tpOe;J tzq;fp Ntz;bf; nfhz;ldh;. =kj; Nghfehjhplk; rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; vd; je;ijNa FUkfhNjth vk;ik topelj;Jk; Mz;ltNd ckJ MrPh;thjj;jhYk; ,iwtdpd; mUshYk; ,g;gzp ,dpJ Kba vk;ik MrPh;tjpAq;fs; vd;W jdJ FU =kj; Nghfhpd; ghjk; gzpe;J ey;yhrp ngw;W jdJ gzpia Jtq;fpdhh;.

Jah; vd;W jk;kplk; te;Njhiu fhj;jUSk; md;Gs;sk; nfhz;l rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; rptypq;fj;jplk; nrd;W ghh;f;fpd;wNghJ m~;lge;jd kUe;jpd; mUfpy; xU gpuk;kuhl;~r kUe;ij ,WftplhJ jLj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gijf; fz;L X! gpuk;kuhl;rN~ ,t;tplk; tpl;L tpyF vd;W $wp murdplk; jhk;G+yk; jUtpf;Fk;gb fl;lisapLfpwhh;. ntw;wpiy ghf;F (jhk;G+yk; te;jTld;) mtw;iw jdJ thapy; Nghl;L nkd;W mjd; rhw;iw m~;lge;jd kUe;jpy; Jg;Gfpwhh;. rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhpd; vr;rpy; gl;lJk; jd;kPJ neUg;G gl;lJ Nghy; gpuk;kuhl;~R mywpf; nfhz;L XbaJ. clNd rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; rptdbahh;fis Nehf;fp md;gh;fNs ,dp ftiy Ntz;lhk;. ‘rptypq;fj;ij epiy epWj;Jq;fs;’ vd;W rptypq;fj;ij epiyepWj;jpaJk; jhNd m~;lge;jd kUe;ij vLj;J rptypq;fj;ij Rw;wp rhw;wp kfhFk;ghgpN~fj;ij rpwg;ghf Kbj;Jf; nfhLf;fpwhh;. ele;jtw;iw ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jth;fSk; Nfs;tpg;gl;lth;fSk; xd;W $b rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhhplk; MrPh;tjpf;Fk;gb Nfl;Lf; nfhz;ldh;.

rptnjhz;lh;fNs ,iwtd; rptngUkhdpd; tpUg;gg;gbAk; vdJ FUehjh; =kj; Nghfehjhpd; Ntz;LNfhSf;fpzq;fpAk; vk;ngUkhd; rptngUkhid ,t;thyaj;jpy; vOe;jUsr; nra;Njhk;. mUs; jUk; < rid epj;jKk; xUikAld; tzq;fp vy;yh tsKk; ngw;W G+uz kdepiwNthL gy;yhz;Lfhyk; Neha;nehb ,d;wp tho;tPuhf vd;W tho;j;jp jdJ =kj; Nghfhplk; ‘vdJ jpt;a Njth’ cq;fsJ nrk;gts thahy; ckJ kfdhd vk;ik tho;j;Jq;fs; vd;W $w mjw;F rpj;jh; =kj; Nghf ehjh; ‘kfNd vk;ikAk; Nrh;j;J gjpnzd; rpj;jh;fSf;Fk; xd;gJ Nfhb QhdpfSf;Fk; fpilf;fhj NgWk; GfOk; ,iwtd; rptngUkhdpd; G+uz mUSk; ckf;F cs;sJ ePh; Nkd;NkYk; rpwe;J tpsq;f vdJ kdg;G+h;tkhd Mrpfs;’ vd;W rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhUf;F =kj; Nghfehjh; Mrp $w midtUk; mstpyhj Nguhde;jj;Jld; mt;tplk; tpl;L fiye;J nrd;wdh;.

,uh[uh[Nrhod; =kj; f&T+uhhpd; ,j;jifa mw;Gwr; nraiyf; fz;L mtiu jdJ ,uh[FUthf Vw;W mtuJ cgNjrj;Jld; kf;fSf;F ey;yhl;rp nra;J te;jhd;. jdJ FUehjUf;F ed;wp tpRthrj;Jld; (rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhUf;F) xU mw;Gj rpiyia tbj;J rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhUf;F jQ;ir nghpa Nfhapy; cs;Ns gpd;Gwk; jdp rd;dpjhdk; mikj;J Nghw;wp tzq;fp te;jhd;. ,d;Wk; jQ;ir nghpa Nfhtpypy; cs;s rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; rd;djpapy; rpj;jh; =kj; f&T+uhh; mkh;e;J mw;Gj rpj;J Mw;wyhy; cyif fz;fhzpj;J nfhz;Lk; mgak; vd;W tUNthiu Mjhpj;J kf;fSf;F vg;NghJk; mUshrp toq;fp nfhz;L tUfpwhh;. ,J mbNadJ mDgt cz;ik.

tpLthh;fs;ke;jpujp Dsitnay;yhk;
tptukha;f;fz;lwpe;Njh; nraiyf;NfS
njhLFwpNghy;nra;thh;fs; njhopy;fnsy;yhk;
njhl;ltplk;tpl;ltplQ; rpj;jha;fhZk;
nfhLikapyhkdKilNahh; $h;e;JghU
Nfhbrpj;J MbdhYk; ntsptuhh;fs;
tbTs;Nshh;thdh;fis Naty;nfhs;th;
itafKnkhU nehbapy; trq;nfhs;thNu.